The year 2019 saw the most CEO departures since firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas began tracking the data in 2002.
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Some of the departures were planned, some were not especially for those companies embroiled in crisis.
FOX Business compiled a list of 13 of the more prevalent CEOs whose careers with the companies changed before 2020 started.
Dennis Muilenburg - Boeing
The Chicago-based planemaker said the leadership change was made in an effort to "bring renewed commitment to transparency better communication with regulators and customers in safely returning the 737 MAX to service."
"Alongside Juul, Boeing experienced the largest crisis of the year," Jordan Cohen, chief marketing officer of New York City communications firm North 6th Agency, told FOX Business. "Muilenburg took too long to react, and when he did, Boeing's action plan was never really clear. The result has been a loss in trust by the public, the airlines, the stock market -- everyone."
The company said David Calhoun, Boeing's current chairman, will replace Muilenburg as president and CEO beginning Jan. 13, 2020.
Adam Neumann – WeWork
WeWork CEO Adam Neumann stepped down Sept. 24.
A week prior to his resignation, WeWork shelved plans for its initial public offering due to investor concerns over its business model, valuation and governance standards, which allow Neumann’s shares to have 20 times the voting power of ordinary shareholders'. Since the company has had even more setbacks.
"Neumann's resignation was even more profoundly impactful than previous 'Bad Boy CEO Extraordinaire' Travis Kalanick's ouster," Cohen said. "Beyond the stories of modern-day corporate excess, shady dealings cast a shadow of doubt over the entire company that sent it into a now seemingly never-ending tailspin."
In November, WeWork laid off about 2,400 employees globally, but in December, it opened more than 50 new buildings in cities across the world, with plans to open more soon.
Patrick Byrne – Overstock
In October, Byrne told FOX Business' Charles Gasparino that he’s hanging out in Bali, Indonesia, living near a secluded beach with little connection to the outside world.
Steve Easterbrook – McDonald’s
The fast-food giant said the former president and CEO demonstrated poor judgment, and that McDonald’s forbids managers from having romantic relationships with direct or indirect subordinates.
"Easterbrook was widely credited with McDonald's turnaround," Cohen said. "His ouster immediately sent the company's stock tumbling, but the Board's hands were tied. The company acted swiftly and decisively, though, to protect its image and its interests."
As a result, Easterbrook also stepped down as a member of Walmart's board of directors.
He did, however, leave with a generous pay package, according to reports.
Kevin Plank – Under Armour
Plank founded the company in 1996.
"Another CEO who became embroiled in controversy and his ethics taken under question, it was time for Plank to go," Cohen said.
President and Chief Operating Officer Patrik Frisk will succeed Plank, who will become executive chairman and brand chief.
Kevin Burns – Juul
Juul Labs CEO Kevin Burns resigned on Sept. 25.
Burns’ resignation came two weeks after the Trump administration moved to ban flavored e-cigarettes from the market. The White House blamed flavored e-cigarettes for the “surging” use of the products among teens and young adults.
"Another example of a CEO who took too long to respond to a crisis and handled it poorly," Cohen said of Burns. "However, with the allegations of misconduct so egregious at such a massive scale ... there may be a hit to the Juul business, but parent company Altria is doing as well as ever."
Burns was replaced by K.C. Crosthwaite, an executive at Altria Group, which owns a 35 percent stake in the e-cigarette maker.
Brian France – NASCAR
The chairman and CEO of NASCAR Brian France took an indefinite leave of absence from the auto racing organization back in August 2018 after he was arrested for driving under the influence Sunday.
France was pulled over after driving through a stop sign, and police found oxycodone pills on his possession. Brian France served as NASCAR's chairman and CEO since 2003.
NASCAR quickly named Vice Chairman and Executive Vice President Jim France as its interim chairman and CEO, but he took over in a more official capacity in February.
Larry Page – Alphabet
Page co-founded Google in 1998 and has an estimated net worth of more than $62 billion. Alphabet was created in 2015 to separate Google's core business from other initiatives, such as the self-driving car unit Waymo.
Google CEO Sundar Pichai replaced Page.
"Sundar Pichai has risen to the occasion and has come across as the right person to lead Alphabet into its next phase of growth after Page and Brin," Cohen said.
In December, the company disclosed that Pichai could earn north of $300 million in compensation.
Mark Okerstrom – Expedia
Expedia's chief executive officer Mark Okerstrom resigned on Dec. 4 following a disagreement with the board over the online travel company's business strategy.
CFO Alan Pickerill also resigned.
The Skift's research team calculated Okerstrom's exit package could be worth about $11.8 million.
Art Peck – Gap
Gap CEO Art Peck announced he was leaving the retailer on Nov. 7.
The news was delivered as the company updated its financial guidance. Gap cuts its full-year revenue outlook and acknowledged industry headwinds.
All three brands -- Gap, Banana Republic and Old Navy -- reported negative sales during the quarter.
Mark Parker – Nike
On Oct. 22, Nike announced its CEO Mark Parker would step down in January 2020.
Parker has served as Nike's CEO since 2006 and added chairman and president titles in 2016.
John Donahoe, the former eBay CEO and a member of Nike's board of directors, will succeed Parker as CEO effective Jan. 13, 2020.
Melanie Whelan – SoulCycle
Whelan had served as SoulCycle CEO since 2015.
SoulCycle CFO Sunder Reddy has served as interim CEO until the fitness brand name a permanent replacement.
Oscar Munoz – United Airlines
United Airlines CEO Oscar Munoz stepped down from his position on Dec. 5 and will become executive chairman in 2020.
"Seems like things are on the right track for United financially, and the leadership transition is by all intents and purposes 'a normal one' compared to most of the others this year," Cohen said.
The airline’s president, J. Scott Kirby, will succeed Munoz as chief executive in May 2020.
Kirby, who has served three decades in the commercial airline business, was recruited to United in August 2016 by Munoz.
FOX Business' Matthew Kazin, Ken Martin, Stephanie Pagones, Jonathan Garber and Thomas Barrabi, Reuters and The Associated Press contributed to this report.