The ship serves as a rocket-recovery vessel, meaning it will provide a landing space for the first stage of Blue Origin's New Glenn rocket so it can be reused.
Bezos, 56, further explained how "New Glenn's first stage will come home to the Jacklyn after every flight."
"It couldn't be more appropriately named — Mom has always given us the best place and best heart to come home to. We love you, Mom," he wrote.
Bezos founded the space exploration company in 2000, and CEO Bob Smith is currently leading the company's operations. The Amazon founder in August sold a million shares of his Amazon stock worth about $3.1 billion, to fund Blue Origin.
Bezos, the world’s richest man, has regularly sold Amazon stock to fund other ventures in recent years. He has pledged to raise at least $1 billion in stock sales per year to fund Blue Origin, his privately held space tourism and exploration firm.
Fox Business' Thomas Barrabi contributed to this report.