The administration expects 200 million of the Pfizer doses will go to other countries this year and 300 million across the first half of next year, one of the people said. The person said White House Covid-19 coordinator Jeff Zients and his team negotiated the deal to buy the doses from Pfizer over the past four weeks. All of those doses will be donated through Covax, the global initiative to help vaccinate developing countries, and they will go to 92 lower-income countries and the African Union.
Jake Sullivan, Mr. Biden’s national security adviser, declined to elaborate on the plans, telling reporters traveling aboard Air Force One that Mr. Biden would make the announcement on Thursday at the Group of Seven summit in the U.K.
Global vaccine diplomacy is expected to be a top issue at the gathering amid outbreaks in countries such as India and Brazil and as many developing countries struggle to inoculate their populations. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has called on G-7 leaders to commit to vaccinating the entire world by the end of 2022.
The administration is seeking to expand the U.S. government’s role in global vaccinations, following some initial criticism from international aid groups and congressional lawmakers that it was moving too slowly to share supply with other countries.
A spokeswoman at Pfizer declined to comment. Spokespeople for Gavi, one of the international health organizations that is leading Covax, and the World Health Organization didn’t respond to requests for comment.
Wednesday’s announcement expands on an earlier commitment made by the administration to share 80 million doses by the end of June, which Mr. Biden characterized as a "first step" toward ramping up global vaccinations.
The White House said roughly 75% of those vaccines would be shared through Covax, which has struggled with supply, and the remaining 25% will be distributed to countries where cases are surging and to neighbors, as well as to partners who requested assistance from the U.S. government.
Of the first batch shared, the biggest chunk of doses will go to South and Central American countries, including Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, and Guatemala; countries in Asia, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka; and to Africa, with countries that will be selected in coordination with the African Union. Roughly 6 million doses will go to partners and regional priorities such as Mexico, Canada, South Korea, the West Bank and Gaza, and United Nations front-line workers.
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