Joe Biden's 2020 tax plan: The key points

Biden has said the tax code should be more progressive and equitable

2020 Democratic nominee Joe Biden secured enough votes to win the presidency on Saturday, the Fox News Decision Desk projected, which could mean some Americans are in for potential tax increases in the coming years.

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Biden's opponent, President Trump, has suggested Biden and running mate Sen. Kamala Harris’ plan could cause a record-setting depression.

"They want to tax $4 trillion, it's going to be the biggest tax increase in history by far," Trump said during a recent interview with FOX Business. "They’re big taxers. It’s just something that won’t work. We’ll have – you will see a depression the likes of which you have never seen. You’ll have to go back to 1929, I guess it doesn’t get too much worse than that."

Biden has said the wealthy should pay more in taxes, and that the tax code should be more progressive and equitable. That includes eliminating loopholes that favor the rich and large corporations.

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Here’s a look at some of the major tax changes Biden has supported:

Income taxes

Biden would repeal changes made to individual income tax rates for the wealthy (individuals with incomes over $400,000) under the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which means the top rate would revert back to 39.6%, from 37%.

Additionally, income above $400,000 would be subject to the 12.4% Social Security tax – split evenly between employees and employers. Currently, there is a wage cap of $137,700. Wages between those two ranges would not be taxed.

Biden also proposed capping itemized deductions at 28% of value for the wealthiest Americans.

Corporate taxes

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act reduced the corporate tax rate to 21%, from 35%.

Biden wouldn’t restore the rate all the way back to its former level, instead raising it to 28%.

He has proposed creating a minimum tax on corporations with at least $100 million in book profits, which means corporations would pay either their regular corporate income tax or a 15% minimum tax – whichever is greater.

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Companies would also pay more on their foreign income.

Capital gains

Another big change Biden wants to make is to tax capital gains at the same rate as ordinary income for households earning more than $1 million.

Currently, short-term capital gains are taxed at the same rates as income, but long-term gains are taxed at lower rates.

The top long-term rate is 23.8%.

Estate and gift taxes

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Acts essentially doubled the basic exclusion amount to $11.58 million in 2020. Assets exceeding that threshold are subject to a 40% tax rate.

Biden’s plan would undo that change, meaning you would be able to transfer fewer assets without triggering the tax.

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Biden would also do away with step-up in basis, which means unrealized capital gains would be taxed at death.

Tax credits

Biden is calling for an expansion of the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit to provide a fully refundable, advanceable tax credit.

Effects

According to the Tax Foundation’s General Equilibrium Model, Biden’s collective policies would reduce GDP by 1.5% over the long run, reduce wages by 0.98% and eliminate about 585,000 jobs. But they would increase federal tax revenue by $3.8 trillion between 2021 and 2030 relative to current law.

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The Tax Policy Center estimates Biden’s proposals would increase federal revenues by $4 trillion between 2021 and 2030, relative to current law. It would also disproportionately raise taxes on the top quintile of the income distribution.