By C.J. Kuncheria
NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India has shortlisted European defense firms Dassault <AVMD.PA> and Eurofighter for an $11 billion fighter jet contract, rejecting U.S. and Russian firms in a move that indicates an effort by Asia's third largest economy to broaden its strategic ties.
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The order for 126 fighter jets for the Indian Air Force, which mainly relies on Russian aircraft and some French Mirage jets, is one of the largest export orders in the history of defense.
The rejection comes despite lobbying from President Barack Obama and rapidly expanding ties between the two nations, and came on the day the U.S. ambassador to India unexpectedly resigned, citing "personal, professional, and family considerations."
"The Americans will be very unhappy and people who have been backing the contract will say India has not sufficiently taken into account the political relationship with the U.S.," Kanwal Sibal, a former Indian foreign secretary, said.
"That is a political setback for relations."
Eurofighter, which makes the Typhoon fighter jet shortlisted for the order, is a four-nation consortium of EADS <EAD.PA>, representing Germany and Spain, Britain's BAE Systems (BAES.L) and Italy's Finmeccanica (SIFI.MI). Dassault makes the Rafale.
Lockheed Martin's F-16 and Boeing's F/A-18 Super Hornet, along with Russia's MiG-35 and Sweden's Saab <SAABb.ST> JAS-39, did not meet the Indian Air Force's technical requirements, a defense ministry source told Reuters.
The order has been keenly contested by global defense firms and has seen lobbying from leaders like Britain's David Cameroon, France's Nicholas Sarkozy and Russia's Dmitry Medvedev.
"To the extent that it has come down to the Rafale or Typhoon, the Europeans have, in a sense, won. India is balancing its international relationships," said Howard Wheeldon, senior strategist at BGC Partners in London.
The U.S. embassy in India declined to comment if Timothy Roemer's resignation was linked to the development, with a spokeswoman referring queries to a statement on their website.
"He (Roemer) also stated that he had accomplished all of the strategic objectives set forth two years ago," according to the statement.
WORLD'S LARGEST ARMS IMPORTER
India is the world's largest arms importer, accounting for 9 percent of the global arms trade between 2006 and 2010, according to data from Swedish think-tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
Its defense budget for the year to March 2011 rose 11.6 percent to $36.28 billion, but is still less that half of that officially spent by long-term rival China.
It plans to spend $50 billion over the next five years to upgrade its military, which is largely made-up of Soviet-era equipment, to counter the rising might of China and threats from Pakistan.
The fighter jets deal will elevate India's air power capabilities and allow it to deploy the weaponry near the western and north-eastern frontiers to tackle any threat from Pakistan or China.
New Delhi fears Beijing is trying to strategically encircle it as the two emerging economies compete for resources globally, while Pakistan already has the F-16 fighters in its fleet.
The contest now sets up a showdown between two multi-role European fighters now actively deployed in policing the no-fly zone over Libya, both hungry for export sales to compensate for defense spending cuts at home.
France pulled out of the early stages of the Eurofighter project 30 years ago and opted to build its own fighter plane, the Rafale, as a successor to the Mirage. The Dassault-built <AVMD.PA> Rafale is still looking for its first foreign buyer.
Shares in Dassault rose 3 percent in early Paris trading.
A New Delhi-based spokeswoman for Lockheed said it was told by U.S. authorities that Washington would respond to the Indian defense ministry's letter on the competition.
Saab, in a statement from Sweden, said its plane was not shortlisted for the bid. A Boeing spokeswoman did not respond to requests for a comment. Dassault and Eurofighter declined comment.
(Additional reporting by Anurag Kotoky, Krittivas Mukherjee and Henry Foy in NEW DELHI and Tim Hepher in PARIS; Editing by Jui Chakravorty)