Abbott to split into two companies, shares rise

By Ransdell Pierson and Lewis Krauskopf

Abbott Laboratories

White said Abbott has always believed in the diversified model, but that many investors now identify it as a pharmaceuticals company.

"We've become so successful in our proprietary pharmaceuticals business -- it's grown quite large," White told analysts on a conference call.

Abbott shares have been held back for years on concerns the company is too dependent on its flagship rheumatoid arthritis drug Humira, one of the world's top-selling medicines at more than $8 billion a year. Humira, an injected drug, is facing growing competitive threats, including possible cheaper generic versions and a pill being developed by Pfizer Inc <PFE.N>.

The split will isolate the Humira risk to the pharmaceutical company, increasing the value in the diversified products business, according to UBS analyst Rajeev Jashnani, although White denied the move was about lacking faith in Humira.

"This split is not around confidence in Humira," White said. "It's about the identity of the businesses."

The new pharmaceutical company is likely to be an attractive acquisition target "within the next round of industry consolidation, which we expect to occur in the 2012-13 timeframe," Jefferies analysts said in a research note, naming Merck <MRK.N>, Roche <ROG.VX>, AstraZeneca <AZN.L> and Bayer <BAYGn.DE> as potential buyers.

Moreover, Wall Street's embrace of Abbott's split may increase pressure on other diversified healthcare companies to examine potential break-ups. Several drugmakers, particularly in Europe, have sought to diversify in recent years as they face patent expirations to top medicines.

Abbott also reported a 66 percent drop in third-quarter net profit on Wednesday, due to a $1.4 billion after-tax litigation charge. The charge relates to the company's attempts to settle a U.S. federal investigation into marketing of its Depakote anticonvulsant drug. Excluding the charge, third-quarter results slightly topped Wall Street forecasts.


The new pharmaceutical company would have nearly $18 billion in annual revenue. Aside from Humira, its medicines include HIV treatment Kaletra and prostate cancer drug Lupron.

Humira "has plenty of runway left," said Gonzalez, who is currently Abbott's executive vice president of global pharmaceuticals. He noted that the drug is being tested for new uses that could continue to propel sales.

Gonzalez, 57, first joined Abbott in 1977, and previously served as the company's president and chief operating officer.

The diversified products company to be run by White, 56, who has led the suburban Chicago company since 1998, will retain the Abbott name.

That company has about $22 billion in annual revenue and includes its market-leading Xience heart stent as well as generic medicines -- low-cost copies of drugs that have lost patent protection that Abbott particularly sells in emerging markets.

The diversified company will target double-digit ongoing earnings-per-share growth, while looking to expand in emerging markets, Abbott said.

White said both companies have potential for higher profit margins, especially the diverse products company. He added that Abbott has been considering such a split for a few years, but had ruled out selling off its businesses.

Pfizer is exploring whether to sell or spin off its nutritionals and animal health units, while other pharmaceutical companies, including Eli Lilly <LLY.N> and Bristol-Myers Squibb Co <BMY.N>, have divested medical device and other non-pharmaceutical units in recent years.

Abbott's new pharmaceutical company, yet to be named, will be created from a tax-free distribution to Abbott shareholders, although the expected stock distribution ratio has yet to be set.

It is expected that the two companies will each pay a dividend that, when combined, will be equivalent to the current Abbott dividend at the time of separation. The company expects to complete the split by the end of 2012.

Morningstar analyst Damien Conover said portfolio managers often prefer more focused businesses so they can diversify on their own. He said the split also stands to increase clarity on the businesses.

"You can unlock value here because you'll probably get a little bit more transparency between these two divisions," Conover said.

Also on Wednesday, Abbott reported that net earnings dropped to $303 million, or 19 cents per share, dragged down by the Depakote charge. That compared with $891 million, or 57 cents per share, a year ago.

Global sales rose 13 percent to $9.82 billion, above Wall Street expectations of $9.64 billion.

Abbott shares rose $1.99 to $54.43 in morning trading on the New York Stock Exchange.

(Reporting by Lewis Krauskopf and Ransdell Pierson in New York, additional reporting by Ben Hirschler in London; Editing by Maureen Bavdek, Dave Zimmerman)