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The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said in a statement that it was "temporarily grounding" the aircraft, an order that will remain in effect "pending further investigation."
Boeing issued a statement on Wednesday that it continued to have full confidence in the safety of the 737 Max, but supported the decision to ground operations.
Trump's order came after a slew of other countries grounded the Max 8 jet, including Ethiopia, India, China and members of the European Union.
A growing chorus of lawmakers and groups in the U.S. called for the jet to be grounded – which is not without precedent.
Here’s a look at some other planes the FAA has grounded:
McDonnell Douglas DC-10s
In 1979, the FAA grounded the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. The decision was made following an American Airlines accident in Chicago, which killed more than 270 people. The aircraft was forbidden from U.S. airspace.
While the plane was taking off for Los Angeles, an engine problem caused the plane to crash in a nearby neighborhood.
An investigation into the accident found it was the result of maintenance issues – not structural problems. It was cleared just weeks later.
The DC-10 entered service in 1971.
McDonnell Douglas merged with Boeing in 1997.
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
In 2013, the FAA grounded Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner, following a series of onboard fires. This is the most recent fleet-wide grounding. The agency suspended the planes until it was proven the batteries were safe.
The determination was made immediately following an incident in Japan. Another battery problem had occurred in Boston, also in 2013.
The battery failures were allegedly the result of the jets’ lithium ion battery, which released flammable electrolytes, heat damage and smoke, according to the FAA.
At the time, United Airlines was the only U.S. airline operating the aircraft. It had six of the jet models in service.
Boeing eventually corrected the design issues, and the restrictions were lifted months later.
In 1998, the FAA grounded some old Boeing 737 jets for inspections after finding damage to the fuel pump wiring in some of the aircraft – as a precautionary move.
The directive resulted in the cancellation of flights. About 179 of 1,100 Boeing 737s in the U.S. were affected.