Vice President Mike Pence on Tuesday broke a 50-50 Senate tie to officially confirm Betsy DeVos as the next secretary of Education.
The vote came Tuesday after a 24-hour â€œtalk-a-thonâ€ protest from Democrats, as senators took turns arguing against Trumpâ€™s nominee throughout the night and into the morning. With the defection of Republican Senators Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Susan Collins of Maine, in an historic move, Vice President Mike Pence was the tie-breaking vote in favor of DeVos.
While the Trump administration hasnâ€™t spoken much about the direction it intends to take the nationâ€™s educational system, here are three things to know about the next Education Secretary.
DeVos is a firm believer that a child should not be limited to a school district based on their familyâ€™s income or zip code, a view in line with comments from the President. She has advocated for a controversial school voucher program in the past, which allocates federal taxpayer dollars to provide children the opportunity to attend private and religious institutions.
â€œLet the education dollars follow each child, instead of forcing the child to follow the dollars. This is pretty straightforward. And itâ€™s how you go from a closed system to an open system that encourages innovation. People deserve choices and options,â€ DeVos said during a speech in March of 2015.
Critics view DeVosâ€™ position on vouchers as a threat to the nationâ€™s public school system.
â€œ[The school vouchers] are deeply problematic. Public schools are already underfunded and [the vouchers] would lead to the dismantling of public schools. The research also shows that they donâ€™t lead to higher outcomes for kids,â€ Catherine Brown, vice president of education policy at the Center for American Progress, told FOX Business.
However, Dr. Grover J. Whitehurst, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and a former Education Department official under President George W. Bush, said the Trump administration hasnâ€™t established that it would in fact institute a voucher program and may opt for another system to promote school choice.
â€œWhat the Trump administration might do is to propose education savings accounts for families. They could use these to attend regular public school, private school or charter school. This type of program ... has passed legal muster in many states. I think we might see that as Trump administrationâ€™s way of providing parental support,â€ he said.
Future of charter schools
A big part of DeVosâ€™ campaign to promote school choice is expanding the charter school sector. Demand for charter schools, which are publicly funded but privately managed, has been on the rise in recent years, according to Dr Whitehurst.
â€œThere are quite a few states that have caps on new charter schools, in spite of the fact that there is considerable unmet demand which we see by waiting lists for existing charter schools,â€ he said. â€œShould the federal government incentivize states to eliminate the caps that would, in general, be a good thing. As long as itâ€™s the stateâ€™s choice to accept or deny whatever the incentives are, then why not?â€
While Brown agreed that â€œhigh qualityâ€ charter schools can be impactful for kids, she said on average they are no more beneficial than traditional public schools.
Nina Rees, president and CEO of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools which has endorsed DeVos, wants to see an increase in funding for federal charter schools to $1 billion by 2020, more investment in R&D, and assurances that new funding does not come at the expense of â€œexisting funding for Title I and IDEAâ€ at public schools.
Still, there are concerns that an effort on behalf of the government to expand charter schools would be bad news for states and localities.
â€œWith federal money comes federal rules, and the point of charter schooling is to have innovative institutions unfettered by red tape and instead held accountable by parents choosing them. The last thing we want is not just more red tape, but tape from a single dispenser: the federal government,â€ Neal McCluskey, director of The Center for Educational Freedom at the Cato Institute, told FOX Business.
DeVosâ€™ devout Christian beliefs have been another lightning rod for criticism, as some argue that is what fuels her school choice position, since standard curricula donâ€™t always offer religious options.
â€œI think the record shows that part of her commitment to vouchers is her strong religious beliefs. She has a desire to funnel money away from public schoolsâ€¦which in my opinion raises some First Amendment concerns,â€ Brown said.
But some argue that is an overreach.
â€œObviously being a believer and a religious person is not a bar to public office. Thereâ€™s no reason sheâ€™s a problem for public schools based on the fact that sheâ€™s religious,â€ said Dr. Whitehurst.
Furthermore, her faith should not be an issue in the debate, says McCluskey.
â€œThose who fear DeVos might be religiously motivated should take heart: a major virtue of choice is that it lets everyone pursue the schooling they want for their children without having to impose it on others,â€ he said.