Biden and Xi participated in a virtual meeting Monday evening – their third engagement since Biden took office in January.
Senior administration officials said that the two leaders discussed economic issues, which included "a range of different points."
One official said that Biden, specifically, raised discussion on former President Donald Trump’s phase one trade deal with Beijing.
During the Trump administration administration, in January 2020, the former president signed a Phase 1 trade agreement with China, easing hostility between the world’s two largest economies amid decades of complaints that Beijing was manipulating its currency and stealing trade secrets from American firms.
That agreement included commitments from Beijing to halt intellectual property theft, refrain from currency manipulation, cooperate in financial services and purchase an additional $200 billion of U.S. products during 2020 and 2021.
Despite that agreement, intelligence officials toward the end of the Trump administration warned that China posed a grave national security threat to the United States.
"The president did underscore the importance of China fulfilling its phase one commitments," the official said.
Officials, though, said that trade was not a "particularly dominant part of the conversation," but called it "an important one."
"It is an important part of our relationship and China’s commitments are something that’s important to the president to see upheld," the official said, adding that it didn’t dominate the conversation, but was "important for the president to raise."
Meanwhile, the White House said that the two leaders discussed "the complex nature of relations" between the U.S. and Beijing, and "the importance of managing competition responsibly."
"As in previous discussions, the two leaders covered areas where our interests align, and areas where our interests, values, and perspectives diverge," the White House said after the meeting. "President Biden welcomed the opportunity to speak candidly and straightforwardly to President Xi about our intentions and priorities across a range of issues."