Recently, we looked at what the decline in January might mean for the rest of the year. While it might seem incredible that the result from a single month of price action could have predictive powers, history shows this to be true.
The bottom line is that, when the S&P 500 (NYSE:SPY) sports a loss for the month of January, especially during January following a strong return in the market the year before, the ensuing 11 months tend to be down.
The good news is, January is over. But the bad news, at least as far as our cycle work suggests, is that February has begun. After a punk January, the S&P started off February on a really lousy note. If I have the statistics right, last Monday's shellacking was the worst first day of February since 1933. Ouch.
So since everyone in the game right now is basically waiting for Friday's jobs report, to either confirm that #growthslowing is a thing this year or that the worries have been misguided, we thought this would be a good time to take a peek at what the historical cycles say February might hold in store.
So let's get to it.
Time to Review the Cycle Projections
Since this is the 13th consecutive monthly review of the cycle composite, there is probably little need to go over all the disclosures/disclaimers again regarding the proper use of stock market cycle analysis. The bottom line is the review of cycles should NOT be used in a vacuum or as a stand-alone indicator. Using only the cycle composite projection, or any other indicator for that matter, to guide your investing decisions is a fool's game.
With that said, however, we continue to check out what the cycles suggest might happen on a daily, weekly and monthly basis. In fact, this data continues to be an important input into our daily and weekly Market Environment models.
What is a Cycle Composite?
For anyone new to our monthly analysis of the cycles (the closest thing we have to a crystal ball), the cycle composite is a combination of the one-year seasonal, the four-year presidential, and the 10-year decennial cycles - all going back to 1928.
By combining these three cycles, a cycle composite is produced. And while expecting the market to exactly follow the cycles is just plain silly, it is surprising how often the market tends to follow the general direction of the composite -- especially when viewed from a long-term perspective.
Question #1: Is the Market in Sync With the Cycle Projections?
The first step in the analysis of the cycles is to get a feel for whether or not the projections are "on" or not at the present time.
Looking at how the market acted relative to the cycle composite's projection for January, we will have to answer this question with a resounding, "No," as the stock market went almost exactly opposite the projection for last month.
Cycle Composite vs. S&P 500
In short, January is supposed to have been a steady march higher; and not a rendition of Humpty Dumpty falling off the wall.
However, from a longer-term perspective, the market (as defined by the S&P 500) continues to be largely in sync with the composite projection. For example, since 2010, the S&P is only a percent or so away from where it has been projected to be at this time.
Sure, the ride has been bumpy and there have been times that the market has diverged -- sometimes rather dramatically -- from the projected path. But four years and a multitude of crises later, it is incredible the market is still in sync with its historical cycles.
What Does February Look Like?
The next step is to take a look at what the cycle projections are calling for during the coming month:
Four-Year Cycle: The four-year presidential cycle projects a bit of a problem for stocks in 2014. This is the second year of the president's term, and the bottom line is there tends to be a rather substantial decline during this period. While the cycle projection doesn't suggest any real trouble until the second quarter, it is worth noting the timing of such events are always flexible.
Therefore, traders who follow such things are concerned that the meaningful decline being projected by the cycles may have started a little early.
The S&P 500 Cycle Composite: The overall cycle composite suggests that February will be a somewhat negative affair. Although stocks are NOT following their cue right now from the cycle composite, the projection is for an early advance followed by a sharp pullback, a rally, and another decline.
Cycle Composite For S&P 500: January - February 2014
The NASDAQ's Cycle Composite: This year we're also going to take a look at what the cycle composite has to say about the NASDAQ each month. The reason being is the projection for the tech-heavy NASDAQ Composite is very clear: a serious decline lies ahead. In short, starting in February, the NASDAQ is projected to trace out a saw-tooth decline that is briefly interrupted in March -- but is then pretty much straight down at a 45 degree angle until October.
What's interesting is, while the S&P is running exactly opposite of its cycle projection at the present time, the NASDAQ is largely in line with its cycles. Sure, the decline we're seeing right now is worse than the cycle had called for. However, the conflicted projections between these two indices remains something to pay attention to this year.
So to sum up, the S&P has been moving opposite the cycle composite, while the NASDAQ is largely following the script. The good news here is that, after a period of sideways consolidation, the next move the NASDAQ's cycle composite calls for is a rally.
The takeaway here is that this may be a year to play your cards close to the vest, and to book profits whenever you have them.
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