Venezuela will hold onto its U.S.-based Citgo refineries, settling a long-standing dispute that threw ownership of the crisis-wracked country's prized assets into peril as its massive debt mounts.
Venezuela on Friday began paying off $1.4 billion that an arbitration panel said was owed to the Canadian mining firm Crystallex, following a disputed takeover of the company nearly a decade ago by the late-President Hugo Chavez. The initial payment of $425 million enables it to hold onto the refineries.
Russ Dallen, a broker at Miami-based Caracas Capital Markets, said Monday that the payment shows Venezuela's changing tactics — from fighting creditors to striking deals.
But it's unclear whether Venezuela can continue making good on the debt owed to Crystallex and a long list of others who are now lining up to collect.
"There's not enough oil and money to pay everybody they need to pay now," Dallen said. "They're like hamsters on a treadmill."
Inflation in Venezuela could top 1 million percent by year's end as the country's historic crisis deepens. In recent years, its oil production has also plummeted to its lowest level in seven decades.
Among many others who are awaiting cash, Venezuela has a pending $1.3 billion settlement agreement with Rusoro Mining to pay off and another agreement with oil giant ConocoPhillips worth $2 billion. Last year, Venezuela stopped paying down the $65 billion owed to bond holders, and other creditors still await settlement deals.
Chavez in early 2009 announced Venezuela's takeover of the Crystallex mining operations in Bolivar state, a mineral rich region that holds one of South America's largest gold deposits. He accused mining companies of damaging the environment and violating workers' rights and expropriated the Canadian company as part of a socialist revolution that's left the country now under the rule of President Nicolas Maduro.
To recoup its losses, Crystallex targeted Houston-based Citgo, potentially forcing Venezuela to sell off its most valuable foreign asset valued at $8 billion. Citgo is part of the state-run oil company PDVSA and has three refineries in Louisiana, Texas and Illinois, in addition to a network of pipelines.
Papers filed in a Canadian court Friday say Venezuela made the initial payment to Crystallex and agreed to make good on the rest by 2021.
"You can duck and hide, but if a court says you owe the money, you owe the money," Dallen said. "Like any creditor you don't pay, they're going to hunt you down."
Citgo did not immediately respond to a request for comment from The Associated Press.