Union Pacific to lay off 750 workers

Union Pacific (NYSE:UNP) said Wednesday it will lay off 750 workers in an effort to cut costs.

The layoffs include 500 managers and 250 other workers. The move, which eliminates about 8% of Union Pacific's managers, will save about $110 million annually.

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The railroad told the affected workers Wednesday that their jobs will be eliminated by mid-September.

"Union Pacific for some time has leveraged employee attrition and technology to reduce general and administrative costs," CEO Lance Fritz said. "Unfortunately, attrition alone will not keep pace with our need and ability to reduce these costs."

Union Pacific said the layoffs are expected to produce about $110 million in annual cost savings, but the railroad will record $90 million in pretax severance costs — mostly in the third quarter — because of them.

Edward Jones analyst Dan Sherman said the layoffs suggest Union Pacific's cost-cutting efforts weren't keeping up with the railroad's goals.

"They just decided they will push cost-cutting more strongly than they were before," Sherman said.

Railroads have been under pressure to reduce costs because of modest growth in freight shipments overall and a sharp decline in coal shipments in recent years. Both of the major freight railroads in the eastern United States — CSX and Norfolk Southern — have announced more aggressive cost-cutting efforts in the past year.

CSX has announced 2,300 layoffs this year as part of a major restructuring under new CEO Hunter Harrison, who took over in March.

Norfolk Southern is working to reduce its expenses by $650 million and improve efficiency by 2020. The railroad expects to cut more than $100 million in costs this year after trimming $250 million last year.

Most of Union Pacific's layoffs will be at the railroad's headquarters in Omaha, Nebraska, but they will affect Union Pacific's 23-state network. In the second quarter, Union Pacific had about 42,000 employees.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.