The Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD) Q2 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

The Toronto-Dominion Bank (NYSE: TD)Q2 2019 Earnings CallMay 23, 2019, 1:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

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  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to TD Bank Group's Q2 2019 Conference Call. Please note that this call is being recorded. (Operator Instructions)

I would now like to turn the meeting over to Ms. Gillian Manning, Head of Investor Relations. Please go ahead, Ms. Manning.

Gillian Manning -- Head of Investor Relations

Thank you, operator. Good afternoon, and welcome to TD Bank Group's second quarter 2019 investor presentation. My name is Gillian Manning, and I'm the Head of Investor Relations at the Bank.

We will begin today's presentation with remarks from Bharat Masrani, the Bank's CEO; after which, Riaz Ahmed, the Bank's CFO will present our second quarter operating results; Ajai Bambawale, Chief Risk Officer, will then offer comments on credit quality, after which we will invite questions from pre-qualified analysts and investors on the phone.

Also present today to answer your questions are Teri Currie, Group Head, Canadian Personal Banking; Greg Braca, President and CEO, TD Bank America's Most Convenient Bank; and Bob Dorrance, Group Head, Wholesale Banking.

Please turn to Slide 2. At this time, I would like to caution our listeners that this presentation contains forward-looking statements, that there are risks that actual results could differ materially from what is discussed and that certain material factors or assumptions were applied in making these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statements contained in this presentation represent the views of management and are presented for the purpose of assisting the Bank's shareholders and analysts in understanding the Bank's financial position, objectives and priorities and anticipated financial performance. Forward-looking statements may not be appropriate for other purposes.

I would also like to remind listeners that the Bank uses non-GAAP financial measures to arrive at adjusted results to assess each of its businesses and to measure overall Bank performance. The Bank believes that adjusted results provide readers with a better understanding of how management views the Bank's performance. Bharat will be referring to adjusted results in his remarks. Additional information on items of note, the Bank's reported results and factors and assumptions related to forward-looking information are all available in our Q2 2019 Report to Shareholders.

With that, let me turn the presentation over to Bharat.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Gillian, and thank you everyone for joining us today.

Q2 was a great quarter for TD. Earnings increased 7% to $3.3 billion and EPS rose 8% to $1.75, driven by record results in our Retail businesses and a rebound in Wholesale. We had good revenue growth in the quarter. Credit quality remains sound, and we continue to invest in building the bank of the future. Our CET1 ratio held steady at 12%, including $5.5 million common shares bought back during the quarter.

Given our robust capital base and consistent ability to generate organic capital, we announced our intention today to initiate a new NCIB for the repurchase of up to 20 million common shares for cancellation subject to regulatory approval.

Overall, I'm pleased with our results this quarter. They reflect the benefits of our diversified business mix in North American scale as well as our risk discipline. Our proven business model is a powerful enabler, allowing us to deliver on our purpose today as we reinvest in our competitive advantages to transform the Bank for the digital age.

This quarter we took a decisive step forward with our enterprise cloud strategy is part of a broader effort to modernize our operations and put in place a state-of-the-art technology architecture one that increases our agility and creates productivity savings we can reinvest in delivering better customer experiences.

We participated in the launch of Verified.Me, a blockchain-enabled digital ID service designed to allow customers to verify their identity quickly and securely using personal information that consent to share from their bank with service providers of their choice. Verified.Me is an exciting new application of an emerging technology developed through a collaborative market-led approach that is putting Canada at the forefront of the global move to a digital ID. We also continue to support the development of Canada's AI ecosystem. On the heels of our acquisition of Layer 6 last year, we are seeding the next round of innovation with our foundational investment in Radical Ventures, an AI focused venture capital fund.

Canada has become a magnet for top AI talent globally, and we are seeing the same phenomenon at TD, where the Layer 6 team has doubled in size over the past year, accelerating our ability to drive better business decisions and enhance the customer experience. These investments are at the heart of our forward-focused strategy, and they're just a few examples of how we are continuously adapting and reinventing ourselves to deliver innovative experiences for our customers.

We were delighted to be recognized for our efforts on that front this quarter with not one, not two, but three J.D. Power awards for customer service excellence. In Canada, TDCT won the award for highest customer satisfaction levels among the big five banks, ranking highest in overall satisfaction (technical difficulty) convenience and channel activities. And TD Auto Finance Canada ranked highest in dealer satisfaction among non-captive retail lenders for the second year in a row.

And in the U.S., TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank received highest customer satisfaction with retail banking in the southeast. As I've often said, we don't design our strategy to win awards. We win awards because of how we execute on that strategy. It's a testament to the value of our omni-channel approach, and the power of the One TD model. And none of it would be possible without our people and their relentless focus on doing more for our customers every day across the enterprise and in each of our businesses.

Let me turn to our business segments now. Canadian Retail delivered again in Q2 with $1.9 billion, up 2%. A strong revenue growth was matched by continued high level of investment. In the Personal and Commercial Bank, J.D. Power wins just one outcome of putting the customer at the center of everything we do. Another is the volume growth we continue to generate as customers respond to the investments we have made in our products, platforms and advised capabilities by entrusting us with more of their business.

We also saw strong net asset growth in our wealth business, as we leverage our scale to create new sources of value for our customers from digital resources like TD Direct Investing's new goal assist tool, which enables WebBroker clients to build personalized investment plans to the new mortgage and private debt funds we launched for our private wealth clients offering access to TD Greystone's expertise in alternative assets. We are delighted with the progress of the Greystone integration which is bringing together two first class investment teams with complementary capabilities and highly compatible cultures.

Turning to the U.S., our U.S. Retail Bank delivered impressive results this quarter as well with earnings up 12% to US$753 million. The strong performance was driven by good revenue growth reflecting higher deposit margins and volume growth and positive operating leverage. And with the contribution from TD Ameritrade up 27%, segment earnings rose to US$948 million, up 15% or 20% in Canadian dollars.

We've laid a strong foundation for future growth in our U.S. business. Over the past 10 years, we've been rebuilding our core infrastructure and platforms, this quarter successfully converting our small business customers to a new digital next generation platform. J.D. Power win is a strong endorsement of these continued investments, and of our commitment to create experiences that respond to our customers evolving needs.

Rounding out our businesses, Wholesale Banking bounced back from a tough first quarter. Earnings were $221 million, reflecting higher levels of M&A and underwriting activity, alongside continued investment in the global expansion of our U.S. dollar strategy. TD Securities also won several signature mandates. We advised Goldcorp on their US$12.5 billion merger with Newmont to create the world's leading gold company. We advised Brookfield Business Partners and CDPQ on their acquisition of Power Solutions from Johnson Controls and co-led Brookfield's dual-currency term loan B and high yield bond financings.

In our global markets business we were awarded our first euro benchmark mandate by KfW, the biggest SSA issuer in the euro market. The EUR5 billion deal is TD Securities' largest SSA bond underwriting to date, and marks a major milestone in the growth of our euro franchise. And we led TD Bank's highly successful EUR1.5 billion five-year senior debt issue. The first benchmark senior offering in the euro market from a Canadian bank of bail-inable securities.

As I reflect on the first half of the year, I am pleased with our performance. It reflects continued momentum in our franchise businesses, good credit quality and better conditions this quarter for market-based revenues.

Looking ahead, the macro environment remains fluid, trade and geopolitical tensions are heating up, and economic conditions remain mixed with several output indicators still soft, while employment growth remains strong. As we move through the second half of the year, we will remain focused on our long-term strategy which has delivered consistent earnings growth over time and provided us with the capacity to invest in our purpose to enrich the lives of our customers, colleagues and communities.

This month, we issued two reports demonstrating our commitment to this purpose. Our Environmental, Social and Governance Report which presents TD's ESG scorecard for 2018 and our report on the Ready Commitment which outlines the impact of our corporate citizenship strategy in our four priority areas of environmental stewardship, financial security, connected communities and better health.

I encourage you to read these reports which provide a wealth of information on the purposeful investments our strategy is enabling. I also want to take a moment to focus on the spring flooding in Eastern Canada. These events have impacted thousands of people in multiple communities. We have taken steps to provide support including financial contributions to the Red Cross and through our branch network as well as through direct customer outreach to help those we serve cope with the challenges. We are also closely monitoring the fires in Western Canada and are in touch with the Red Cross to determine how best to support those affected. In these moments, we want to be there for our customers, colleagues and communities.

To wrap up, we are delivering strong results today, while laying a strong foundation for the future. That includes the new workspace we are creating at 160 Front Street West, a brand new office tower in the heart of Downtown Toronto. Our vision for the future of our workplaces is built around the goal of bringing our people and teams together in ways that promote collaboration and improved work flow supported by investment in the right tools and resources. 160 Front Street is a key part of this initiative. It will be a powerful complement to our flagship TD center and a best-in-class workplace for our people, our most important asset. I'll close by thanking them, our more than 85,000 colleagues around the world, for living our shared commitments each day and devoting themselves to being ready for our customers.

With that, I'll turn things over to Riaz.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Bharat. Good afternoon, everyone, and please turn to Slide 7. This quarter the Bank reported earnings of $3.2 billion and EPS of a $1.17. Adjusted earnings were $3.3 billion and adjusted EPS was a $1.75. Revenue increased 8% reflecting volume growth and higher margins in our Retail businesses, as well as higher fee-based revenues. Provisions for credit losses decreased 26% quarter-over-quarter, primarily reflecting seasonal trends in the U.S. credit card and auto portfolios. Expenses increased 8%, reflecting continued investments in employees supporting business growth and strategic initiatives.

Please turn to Slide 8. Canadian Retail net income was $1.8 billion, up 1% year-over-year, reflecting higher revenue, partially offset by charges related to the Greystone acquisition as well as higher expenses, insurance claims and credit losses. Adjusted net income increased 2%. Revenue increased 8%, reflecting volume growth, margin expansion, higher insurance and fee revenue and the acquisition of Greystone. Average loans increased 6% year-over-year and average deposits increased 3% reflecting growth in both personal and business volumes. Margin was 2.99%, up 5 basis points sequentially reflecting a refinement in revenue recognition assumptions in the auto finance portfolio and an increase in the prime-BA spread.

Total PCL decreased 10% quarter-over-quarter, with reductions in both impaired and performing PCLs. Total PCL as an annualized percentage of credit volume was 27 basis points, down 2 basis points quarter-over-quarter. Expenses increased 11% reflecting higher spend supporting business growth, including additional FTE and volume-related costs, charges related to Greystone, and increased investment in strategic initiatives including marketing and capability builds in data and digital technology.

Please turn to Slide 9. U.S. Retail segment net income was US$948 million, up 23% year-over-year on a reported basis, and 15% on an adjusted basis. U.S. Retail Bank reported earnings rose 14% on strong revenue growth of 6%. Average loan volumes increased 5% year-over-year, reflecting growth in the personal and business customer segments.

Deposit volumes excluding the TD Ameritrade's suite deposits were up 4% including 5% growth in core consumer checking accounts. Net interest margin was 3.38%, down 4 basis points sequentially, primarily due to seasonal increases in deposits. Net interest margin was up 15 basis points year-over-year, largely reflecting higher deposit margins.

Total PCL including only the Bank's contractual portion of credit losses in the strategic cards portfolio was $170 million, down 26% sequentially, reflecting lower provisions for the commercial portfolio and seasonal trends in the credit card and auto portfolios. The U.S. Retail net PCL ratio was 45 basis points, down 14 basis points from the last quarter. Expenses decreased 2% year-over-year reflecting the elimination of the FDIC surcharge, recovery of a legal provision this quarter and charges associated with the Scottrade transaction in the same quarter last year. The contribution from TD's investment in TD Ameritrade increased to US$195 million, and segment ROE increased to 13.2%.

Please turn to Slide 10. Net income for Wholesale rebounded sequentially to $221 million, reflecting higher trading related revenue and advisory and underwriting fees as market conditions improved. Net income was down $46 million from the same quarter last year. Revenue was comparable with Q2 of last year, but reflecting higher advisory and underwriting fees offset by lower trading related revenue. Non-interest expenses increased 16%, reflecting continued investments in the global expansion of our U.S. dollar strategy and the impact of FX translation.

Please turn to Slide 11. The Corporate segment reported a net loss of $161 million in the quarter compared to a net loss of $163 million in the same quarter last year. Net corporate expenses were lower year-over-year, largely affecting lower net pension expenses in the current quarter.

Please turn to Slide 12. Our Common Equity Tier 1 ratio was 12% at the end of the second quarter consistent with the first quarter. We had strong organic capital generation this quarter which added 40 basis points to our capital position. And this was mostly offset by growth in RWA, reflecting volume growth as well as the transition of a Canadian credit card portfolio to AIRB, as well as the repurchase of common shares in the quarter. Our leverage ratio was 4.2% and our liquidity coverage ratio was 135%. We announced our intention to initiate a new NCIB for up to 20 million common shares subject to regulatory approval.

I will now turn the call over to Ajai.

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

Thank you, Riaz, and good afternoon, everyone. Please turn to Slide 13. Credit quality remains strong in the second quarter across all business segments as evidenced by reductions in gross impaired loan formations, gross impaired loans and credit losses. Gross impaired loan formations were $1.34 billion or 20 basis points down 6 basis points quarter-over-quarter and up 2 basis points year-over-year. The quarter-over-quarter decrease in gross impaired loan formations reflects higher prior quarter formations in the U.S. commercial portfolio, primarily attributable to the power and utility sector and seasonal trends in the U.S. credit card and auto portfolios. Consistent with recent quarters, there were no new formations in the wholesale segment.

Please turn to Slide 14. Gross impaired loans ended the quarter at $3.3 billion or 48 basis points, down 5 basis points quarter-over-quarter and stable year-over-year. The U.S. Retail segment was the primary contributor to the Bank's $238 million quarter-over-quarter decrease in gross impaired loans, reflecting a reclassification to performing for certain U.S. HELOC clients current with their payments and seasonal trends in the U.S. credit card portfolio. The Wholesale segment maintained is zero impaired loan balance quarter-over-quarter.

Please turn to Slide 15. Recall that our presentation reports PCL ratios both gross and net of the partner's share of the U.S. strategic card credit losses. We remind you that credit losses recorded in the Corporate segment are fully absorbed by our partners and do not impact the Bank's net income. The Bank's PCLs for the quarter was $636 million or 39 basis points, down 11 basis points quarter-over-quarter and up 3 basis points year-over-year. The $219 million quarter-over-quarter PCL decrease was driven by typical seasonal trends in the U.S. credit card and auto portfolios and the Canadian consumer lending portfolios.

Please turn to Slide 16. Both impaired and performing PCL decreased quarter-over-quarter reflecting U.S. seasonal trends as already mentioned, generally lower performing PCL across Canadian Retail and higher prior quarter impaired PCL in the U.S. commercial portfolio primarily attributable to the power and utilities sector. In summary, credit quality was strong across the Bank's portfolios and we remain well-positioned for continued growth.

With that, operator, we are now ready to begin the Q&A session.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. We will now take questions from the telephone lines. (Operator Instructions) The first question is from Sumit Malhotra from Scotia Capital. Please go ahead.

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

Thanks. Good afternoon. First question is for Riaz on capital. Riaz, one of your counterparts this morning talked to us about IFRS 16 and the impact that would have in -- to start 2020. Just thinking about that for TD and especially with your larger branch footprint, are you able to give us an idea what you're expecting from a capital impact for that implementation?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

We're working our way through the standards, Sumit, and as you can appreciate, there are some interpretational items that we need to work our way through and some choices that need to be made. So we're not prepared to quantify what the impact would be. However, as you well know, when the right of use asset gets capitalized at the beginning of the next fiscal year, it will be risk weighted and in fact, I assume, I'm expecting the impact to be very manageable.

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

All right. So that's something -- as you said there's some choices to be made. We can revisit that later in the year.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes.

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

And then I'll wrap up with a question on the Wholesale side. So, I think you communicated to us last quarter revenue would stabilize. We've seen that here. I just want to focus on the expense side of the equation, and specifically the build out that has been referenced a few times. When we look at the headcount in this segment, it's about -- it's up about 10% year-over-year, and you've had a pretty steady climb over that period of time.

Just maybe two questions here, if you can give us an idea of how this expansion is going to trend? Is there a number you have in mind as to the amount of full time complement that has to be added to get to the scale in Wholesale outside of Canada that you're looking for? And then, secondly, I hope I'm not putting you on the spot, but I didn't see this in the annual report, approximately how much of your revenue in this segment is being generated outside of Canada if we use full year numbers for 2018?

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Okay. Thanks. Yes, we have, as we've mentioned on the way through, invested in building out both the global markets businesses as well as the corporate investment banking business, particularly to grow U.S. dollar revenue both in the U.S. region as well as in other parts of the world in which we operate. We have had a fairly aggressive build in people on the front office side. In the last two-and-a-half years, we have added approximately 200 front office people roughly half and half a split between global markets and corporate investment banking.

And then, of course, you need to also invest in infrastructure and people and support and control, et cetera. So, it's been a relatively large investment for TD Securities. We feel we're at a point now though where would that will slow down fairly meaningfully. We're still looking to add a person here and there in some of the areas, but now we're more focused on achieving the revenue that we're making the investment for and that -- there is a J curve in that, some businesses are further along in the cycle. We've been working at them.

Our SSA U.S. dollar business has been up and running now for a number of years and we're at a market share there where we're in the top five banks in the U.S. dollar SSA space. In that business now we're starting to add euro and sterling, but it's a fully invested business. Contrast that primary services or prime services, I should say, in the U.S., it's a couple of years old. The first part of that was investing in systems and policies and metrics and people, but that is now running, and you know, the focus there is adding the clients that we now need to make it a more profitable business. And we have probably more of the latter type than we do the SSA business. So, bottom line, Sumit, at we've -- the growth in FTE will be relatively small on the front office side.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

On the matter of...

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

Part two was on the revenue mix or geographic mix.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. I think, Sumit, it's Riaz. On the matter of geographic mix of the revenue, you know, as you know we make very careful choices about how we define segments. And I think you should look at TD Securities as an integrated global segment. Yes, we do make disclosures in the annual report about where the sources of revenue are and that is more a legal entity reflection of the accumulation and aggregation of earnings. But, you know, when you have global centers for example from a trading perspective that are in London, Singapore, New York, Toronto, you have funding sources that come from variety. The trading book really shouldn't be thought of more as an integrated business unit. So, I don't think it makes sense to break it out the wholesale results in that way.

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

Yes. I'll leave it here. I mean obviously some of the Canadian peers anyway who have expanded more into the U.S. in the wholesale business have provided that information. And I think really what I'm getting at here is, as Bob has detailed, you've certainly added full time complement in the U.S., and it would be interesting to see how the revenue progression for the expense that you've made is trending, and I think that would be helpful to gauge that. So, I hear you, but hopefully that's not the one we're going to revisit going forward.

Okay. Thank you.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Thanks for your time.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Meny Grauman from Cormark Securities. Please go ahead.

Meny Grauman -- Cormark Securities -- Analyst

Hi. Good afternoon. If I look year-to-date adjusted EPS growth about 4%. So I'm wondering how confident you are that you can still get to the bottom end of your 7% to 10% range for 2019?

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Meny, this is Bharat. Last quarter when we talked about this, we said there is a lot of headwinds and there is tailwinds that does not change in my remarks up front. I talked about some of the risks that we see out there. But overall, the way we've set up (technical difficulty) where our medium term target of hitting 7% to 10% earnings growth continues to be applicable from TD, and we'll try very hard as I said last quarter to try and get toward the bottom-end of that range going forward.

Meny Grauman -- Cormark Securities -- Analyst

Okay. So, it's still realistic. And then just in terms of expenses, what's the outlook in the past? You've talked about sort of a slowdown in the second half of the year in terms of expense growth and ramping up in operating leverage. Can you update us on how you're thinking about expenses in the second half of the year and operating leverage?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, absolutely. Meny, it's Riaz. As we said coming out of 2016 that we were making room to make investments, and then if you look at our expense growth coming into '17 and '18, you can see that steady ramp up of expenses, and particularly in 2018 over the four quarters we had an increasing expense profile which is now beginning to plateau out, and we're seeing a more level set of expenses from a quarter-to-quarter basis.

So what that means is that we have brought our expenses to a level where we feel that we're making the investments that we need to make and still driving out the right productivity. But it just turned out that the result of that is in the first half you see a larger expense growth number which will moderate quite a lot in Q3 and Q4, but at a comparable expense -- absolute expense spending levels.

Meny Grauman -- Cormark Securities -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Ebrahim Poonawala from Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Ebrahim Poonawala -- Bank of America Merrill -- Analyst

Good afternoon. I guess just wanted to clarify something to your previous statement on expenses. From what I recall like we saw pretty meaningful ramp up in the back half of last year. So what's the point there that we should see pretty healthy operating leverage in the back half of the year when we look at third and fourth quarter?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, I think that's exactly right, Ebrahim. That as our expense spending, growth rate and investment growth rate will normalize or moderate in the second half, it could create better operating leverage, and as you know, we always strive to create operating leverage year after year after year, and so I do expect that you'll see much better metrics on that front.

Ebrahim Poonawala -- Bank of America Merrill -- Analyst

Got it. And I just wanted to focus on the U.S. Retail margin. One, in terms of, Riaz, if you can just talk about what you're seeing in terms of deposit pricing pressure with the Fed on hold and your outlook for the margin? And secondly, if you can talk about any actions you're taking to protect the margin if the Fed ends up cutting interest rates at some point over the next 12 months, given sensitivity to your margin as well as sensitivity at Ameritrade to declining interest rates.

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

Ebrahim, thank you for the questions. It's Greg Braca. I would just first start on the margin question. If we think about the quarter-over-quarter, you saw we were down 4 basis points. But I would like to point out that year-over-year we're still up a healthy 15 basis points. And generally you know the way we would look at this sequential quarter-over-quarter, a little bit of a dip is -- Riaz upfront mentioned some seasonal deposits or we could talk about it in terms of mix of loan and deposit volumes in quarter-over-quarter. And that contributed to the decline, but the way I would think about it and I've talked about this for a couple of quarters now is the quality of the deposit growth, and what we're seeing in the U.S. is a very competitive and dynamic environment with both large and small organizations really looking to put on deposits and show some ability to grow. Some are going about it with core franchise growth and some are paying up for it.

We clearly are not in that latter half camp, and our betas remain very well in check, and we've done a very good job growing core DDA and core checking account growth, and we've talked about that in the past as well. Core consumer checking account grows up year-over-year of up 5% is really is healthy household acquisition and goes to our whole model around primacy and convenience and all the things that we talk extensively about.

To your second question, when you think about protecting that margin of interest rates, would it go the other way or whatever the case may be, I do think it goes back to the way I answered this first question, is that our goal here regardless of the environment is to drive core household growth, not pay off for hot deposits, drive core checking account growth and we're seeing that across all of our lines of business including small business and consumer. So that's how I would answer that.

Ebrahim Poonawala -- Bank of America Merrill -- Analyst

So just a quick follow up on that. So the margin went down seasonally impacted because of the deposit mix shift. Is the outlook that it should hold relative to 2Q levels or do you expect incrementally more compression as the year progresses?

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

Yes. So the way we look at any quarter-over-quarter or the next few quarters, these things are going to tend to bump around a bit. And very difficult because in addition to just volume there's a whole host of things that we always talk about that goes into it long-term rates, investments, loan yields. So there's a whole suite of things that would go into that margin story. But what I would generally say is with a stable outlook from the Fed and borrowing anything further dramatic on the long-end, you generally tend to see a general statement over several quarters fairly stable margins.

Ebrahim Poonawala -- Bank of America Merrill -- Analyst

Got it. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Robert Sedran from CIBC Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Robert Sedran -- CIBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thanks. Good afternoon. Riaz, I just wanted a quick clarification actually on the comment you made about the Canadian margin which was the impact of, I guess, the change in revenue recognition around the auto finance book. Can you -- a little more color on whether that is a one-time item on the revenue line that will fall away or if that was a recurring thing that will keep the margin at the level it got to.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. No, Rob, what that's about is that we're seeing faster prepayments in the auto book which would therefore result in faster revenue recognition. So it wasn't a methodology, it's actually the underlying assumptions. And so I think that as we continue to see those prepayments, we'll see more around faster revenue recognition along in that portfolio.

Robert Sedran -- CIBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

So as long as consumer behavior remains what consumer behavior has been, the margin is going to evolve from here as opposed to giving back 2 basis points or 3 basis points that was up this quarter?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. I don't think that it should have a big impact on margins going forward it may just come off every -- as things level off a little bit in our new assumptions. So similar to what Greg said about the U.S., I think Canadian margins probably bumped around a bit from here, but that would be an adjustment to assumptions that doesn't occur all the time.

Robert Sedran -- CIBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

And so the rest of the margin trajectory from here is consistent with the prior guidance. Bit of a leak upwards I guess.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

I think that is slight biased upwards, but I would say, as Greg indicated, it's true in Canada as well that lots changes in terms of product competition and consumer behavior, so I think it's better to say that it will bump up and down, a little bit here and there.

Robert Sedran -- CIBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you the next question is from Steve Theriault from Eight Capital. Please go ahead.

Steve Theriault -- Eight Capital -- Analyst

Thanks very much. If we could go back to capital markets for a moment and focusing on expenses. So the last couple of quarters, the expense line has been about $600 million plus or minus a few million. Wondering how, like if that -- should we think of that as a new run rate, and I look at year-on-year the revenue line was identical. Expenses were about 80 million higher. How much of that 80 million or so year-on-year increase is from the higher U.S. expenses as you build that out?

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, I think, there is some -- I think we're of the view that the $600 a quarter is something that we should probably be modeling in ourselves. And the reason that's hesitating is that there's also regulatory build and technology build and Brexit build, and you know some of that may be recurring and some may not be recurring. So, I think, we certainly have been spending money on, if you want to call, EU-27 regulatory, we've been spending a lot of money on that type of activity.

So that may slow down. I think what the real key though is that we need to grow revenue to make the return on the investment. And if that is not occurring at the pace we need, then we need to reduce expenses as well, so we are focused on both.

Steve Theriault -- Eight Capital -- Analyst

You have a base case on when you like to see that return on equity get back to sort of the high teen level in terms of sort of trying to gauge your level of patients with all that.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

This quarter would be good. No, I mean we still have an objective of making an ROE more in the 15% range. I think we've referred to in the last number of years. I think the high teens are a little bit of an error in the past, given what's going on in the business so that's the focus and we'd like to try to achieve that as quickly as we can.

Steve Theriault -- Eight Capital -- Analyst

Okay. Maybe one more for you then, after the volatility from last quarter, I'm curious if there was any actions taken this quarter sort of interaction last quarter that may have mitigated any revenue upside for Q2 and what's proving to be a pretty strong capital markets quarter across the whole group here?

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

I don't think there was anything that we were doing last quarter that was changed, and we're doing this quarter that caused anything in the results. But what we will continue to do though is -- the U.S. markets were strong especially in the latter two months of this quarter, and our investments there really are what's going to cause a change in the mix and perhaps more stability in our revenues overall. So, it's that investment that was -- that certainly helped the quarter, and markets helped that, whereas in the previous quarter, the lack of market activity in both Canada and U.S. combined with the expense run rate as you spoke of certainly was a negative factor.

Steve Theriault -- Eight Capital -- Analyst

Thanks for that.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Doug Young from Desjardins Capital. Please go ahead.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Hi. Good afternoon. Just two quick ones. Riaz, just in U.S. Retail I think there was a recovery of a legal provision. I just want to see if you can quantify that. And just that so I have this correct, that was netted out of net non-interest expense. Is that correct?

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

It's Greg, Doug. So the way we would talk about that is we're not going to put a number on that. And the way we think about expenses in general is if that item had not occurred, our expenses would have been up year-over-year, and expenses in general would have been reflecting our continued investment in the business, but we wouldn't put an absolute number on that release.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Will that mean -- I don't know if you can just give us a ballpark there but like the -- would mix have been up like low single digits. Is that or...

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

Well, as we've said all along, we still would have had positive operating leverage. And if I would think about this for the first half of the year, we had expenses up 6% and for the first half -- you're going to have these numbers from time to time in any given quarter. So for the first half of the year, our expense rate even with this item is running roughly 3%. And certainly we've had positive operating leverage for the first half of the year.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Okay.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

If you, Doug, just look at the trend of non-interest expenses over the last six quarters, I think you can assume that's a good trend.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Okay, that's fair. And then just lastly CET1 capital generation. I guess I'm trying to get a sense of -- I think historically, if we went back, 15 basis points to 20 basis points per quarter is typically what people have talked about. I think maybe we've talked about in relation to TD. We're going into a different environment, there's been regulatory rule changes. Is that still a reasonable level to expect for TD or is there something that's changed that would cause that to be lower going forward? Thank you.

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

I think, Doug, if you look at Slide 12, you can see that the net income less dividends contributed 40 basis points. And then off the RWA increases of 27 basis points, just a little bit less than half of that was devoted to the migration of the card portfolio from standardized to AIRB. So I think you can see in that that the capital accretion continues to still be very strong even in a very fluid environment.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

And that -- I guess that move of that credit card portfolio to AIRB, I mean that in and of itself is done. So that's one-time. Is there anything else that's on the horizon that would be similar in such that if you move to AIRB would have a negative impact?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Well, really in our business mix, cards are one portfolio, which when they migrate to AIRB, the risk rates on them are higher than standardized. Typically, it's the other way around, and of course you're well aware that our U.S. non-retail portfolio still is in the process of migration to AIRB, but that should be a benefit.

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Okay. Great. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Gabriel Dechaine from National Bank Financial. Please go ahead.

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

Good afternoon. I want to talk first about the commercial book in Canada. And it looks like you guys didn't have any credit noise there, no real losses out of the ordinary like we've seen from a few other banks this quarter and last, mind you. I guess, I'm kind of -- outside of your in quarter performance, we have seen some issues, then the Bank of Canada is raising their own concerns about corporate indebtedness, and then we've also got this massive growth in commercial and wholesale loans in Canada. I'm just wondering, what do you think about that growth and what are you seeing differently than what the Bank of Canada is may be concerned about? Why are you not concerned about credit quality and commercial lending in Canada in general? Sorry, that's bit of a ordinary (ph) question but...

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

It's Ajai. I'll start with PCL and then Teri will talk about growth. We're definitely seeing very low PCL and loss rates across the commercial book, and you know, I would describe the quality as good, but that doesn't mean there's no migration. There is some migration occurring, and I would put it in the category of gradual normalization, so it's not like it's not occurring at all. I can't speak to the piers and what their book is like, but certainly in our book like I feel, it's strong it's performing well, but there is some normalization occurring. And if you actually go to some of the ECL tables, and you look at stage two ECLs, you'll see a bit of an uptick and especially you look at business and government so you'll see some migration there.

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

What's driving that?

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

I think we're late in the ,cycle so it's not abnormal to see some migration so late in the cycle. I can't pinpoint a single thing that's pointing that and it's not a single sector, but I would say it's broad, but it's still low dollars.

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

And then, it's Teri. From a commercial growth perspective, I would say we're very comfortable with the business that we're putting on the books. We're continuing to put bankers on the streets in markets where they're building great relationships. Business succession continues to be an opportunity for us. And I feel comfortable that I think Riaz has quoted earlier this morning we're prudent lenders through the cycle and so we're very comfortable with the business growth that we're seeing and open for business going forward.

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

Teri, well I have you at the mic, but I'd ask you something with a bit more positive spin, we've seen the housing market go from source of intense concern last year and in the wake of B20 and start that was dipping lower and lower. And in the last few weeks and months, we started to see some good starts data, some positive sales data coming out of the GTA and Montreal as well. And the industry seems to be I guess bottoming out in terms of mortgage growth RESL, I would say. I'm just wondering if you're generally as optimistic as you were about this business a little while ago or maybe if there's some additional optimism today in your growth outlook for RESL growth and the ancillary businesses.

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

So, I continue to feel very comfortable with, we've been talking for quite a while now about a mid single-digit medium term outlook for proprietary total real estate secured lending growth, and I feel very comfortable with that for this year and going forward. We've been investing as you know in this business more mobile mortgage specialists more training for our branch advisors, a leading capability that is fully digital to apply for a mortgage online. We've got a position as we've talked about in the past where we are forced in hybrid HELOC loan market share and we're continuing to be able to advance there with customers primarily who are already customers of TD, and so -- and retention is very strong as well. So, continue to feel good about that guidance going forward.

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

Outside of what you're doing, is there anything in the macro that makes you more...

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

Certainly, we're seeing -- as you mentioned, certainly we're seeing, particularly in the GTA the kind of start of that spring lending season and some good trends. It really is a tale of the two sort of halves of the country, if you will, a little bit tougher in the West. Although I would say $100 million in Vancouver and condos is still a hotly contested market for purchasers. And then, you know, GTA, in particular, a little bit stronger. So, you know, it's early days in the spring season, but we're seeing some green shoots.

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you, Teri.

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

Welcome.

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

Thanks, Gabriel.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Nigel D'Souza from Veritas Investment Research. Please go ahead.

Nigel D'Souza -- Veritas Investment Research -- Analyst

Good afternoon. Thank you for taking my question. So, I had one on the loan volume side, and I wanted to focus on your auto book. So if I look at the Canadian Retail segment, auto loans are relatively flat, and in the U.S., they're down slightly quarter-over-quarter. You mentioned prepayment rates, higher prepayment rates this quarter, and so wondering if -- what we're seeing in Q2 here is that just a one-off non-recurring kind of trend or what is your outlook given that you know autos tend -- we are a late cycle, and autos tend to be kind of a leading -- lead the cycle. Where do you see auto finance volumes playing out for the rest of the year?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

I think on the matter of the prepayment -- Nigel, it's Riaz. I'll just say that you know the way we look at these from an accounting perspective is we sort of look at the trend over a period of time. So, I don't think you should interpret this as a one quarter trend. When we look at our revenue recognition policies and this applies across a wide number of products whether it be mortgages, auto, what -- or even corporate like you always look at kind of prepayment trends over a longer period of time to see if you've got an appropriate assumption that is going into it. So, I don't think you should look at it as one quarter. As far as longer term trends go, I'll let maybe Greg comment on the U.S. auto piece.

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

Sure. So, you are right. And it would have been similar to last quarter. Nigel, if we looked at Q1 over Q1, we were really coming down to relatively flat year-over-year numbers for the last couple of quarters. We have a view too that we are later in the cycle. We also want an appropriate return. We also want to manage relationships and volume, and -- versus just a couple of years ago you would have seen us growing 8% 9% 10% year-over-year in auto. We think we have the right mix of the business that we've been positioning this as you know in the U.S., and I wouldn't be surprised if over the next few quarters you sort of bump around at this level maybe up a couple of points. But this is generally where we see ourselves for the foreseeable future.

Nigel D'Souza -- Veritas Investment Research -- Analyst

That's really good color. And I just have one last question on if I could turn to just credit losses and PCL in general, there's a step down in provisions for your Canadian Retail segment. And although seasonality has benefited that quarter-over-quarter, there was a larger step down in prior years. So it's still fairly elevated up as you noted nearly 30% year-over-year. So wonder if you could provide more color there -- is there anything at play here in terms of do you expect that to trend more over the coming quarters and have another step-down or what are you seeing just on either the performing or impaired side on the Canadian Retail?

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

So, I'll talk about the year-over-year. It's Ajai. So we're kind of moving up very low numbers. Like if you look to Q2 '18, our number was 23 bps, and the lowest we've had is 22 bps. So we're really moving off those very low numbers into what I would consider a little more normalized numbers. And I think 27 bps still remains in a very acceptable range of 25 bps to 30 bps. But what I am seeing is -- and I mentioned this earlier a gradual normalization of credit losses across the various books in Canada. So my expectation is that normalization will continue to occur at a gradual pace, unless the economy turns, I should clarify, unless the economy turns.

Nigel D'Souza -- Veritas Investment Research -- Analyst

Hey, got it. That's very helpful. Appreciate the answers.

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. The next question is from Darko Mihelic from RBC Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi. Thank you. I have two questions. One for Bob Dorrance, and then an obscure question that anybody can answer, I hope. So first for Bob, you mentioned that you didn't really change anything in the quarter and that's cool. But I guess the question I have is one of the things that has been changing for you is the way you account for your trading deposits. And we've seen a bit more shift in the fair value through profit or loss. And of course, this quarter we see trading rebounds to $411 million from $251 million last quarter.

So the question is sort of twofold. First, were there any marks from that, that suppressed or helped the trading revenue, but more importantly from my perspective is as we continue down this path of shifting the accounting regimen, will there be any sort of headwinds or tailwinds to trading revenue for the next couple of quarters?

Bob Dorrance -- Group Head, Wholesale Banking

There was nothing meaningful quarter-to-quarter, Darko, in that particular part of the business. I think as you look at -- I think Q3 last year was where we had called out for the first time that there was a meaningful reduction in revenue that occurred as a function of marketing the trading deposits in the way that we were marketing them. We have probably migrated roughly 50% of the book to fair value through OCI. So, I don't think we'll -- it'll be a positive year-over-year, but it won't be on a full amount.

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. So in other words just modest headwind or tailwind as opposed to trading revenue?

Bob Dorrance -- Group Head, Wholesale Banking

I would say that, yes.

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thank you. And then my obscure question. So I appreciate the commentary that quarter-over-quarter, and it looks as though when I look at the presentation and the way you sort of designed it around credit quality is that quarter-over-quarter we saw a bit of an improvement, and there was less Stage 1 and Stage 2, less non-performing I suppose. But when I open up the supplementary capital, it's a different story.

In Q1 asset quality helped your RWA, and this quarter, asset quality went the other way, and you actually had to increase risk weighted assets because of asset quality movements. And the reason why I asked this is, typically what we're concerned about in some pieces is that as provisions rise and as things get worse, not only will your provisions for credit losses rise, but so will your RWAs. And yet in two quarters, we have the opposite sort of phenomenon happening at TD. So I'm wondering if you can maybe connect the dots for me if at all.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Are you Darko looking at the flow statements for risk weighted assets?

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yes.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. So I think you know as Ajai indicated earlier that you can see a little bit of migration in the books, and so that you end up having -- you can end up having an instance where both the PCLs and risk weighted assets are experiencing the similar migration in that way because with the way Basel 3 and IFRS 9 works, you can get a little bit of doubling up of your procyclicality. But as we indicated earlier, you know that number you can see in the flow statements is not that significant, and so gradual normalization is how we like to describe it.

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

So when I look at it though, I mean, for year-to-date, I mean you have a 3.5% increase in your risk weighted assets, and most of that will be just from portfolio from adding to the loan book. But a portion of it is also because of credit quality. And I'm not singling out TD, there's much bigger one of your peers.

But again it's just quarter-to-quarter I suppose I guess what I'm getting from you is the answer is they can go opposite ways. But over a period of time, when -- I'm just trying to confirm that the general view would be that provisions for credit losses and RWA inflation for lack of a better word should be -- should go hand-in-hand.

It could, but there are sometimes differences in how the two are looked at. For example, the calculation of expected shortfall in capital is different from how it's done for IFRS 9 purposes. So that can be methodology differences. And if you look at that asset quality line over the last five quarters, you can see it was up in Q2 of 2018, but it was down in Q3, down again in Q4, down again in Q1. So I your the thesis that there is a general trend indicator here would not be evident in the numbers.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Let me just build on that. I mean there's definitely some credit migration occurring. And that credit migration is going to be reflected in the RWA numbers. But if you really look at ACL, and if you look at ACL year-over-year, and go and look at it by stage, OK, total ACL is up 333 million and these are all in the disclosures year-over-year, a big part of that is FX, but excluding that the increase in stage three is actually very little. It's $50 million and then most of the increase is actually Stage 1 which I would describe as largely volume but there's some mix in seasoning there. But there is a number for stage two as well. And some of that is commercial migration which will naturally show up in the RWA numbers and there's mix and seasoning also occurring across some of the portfolios.

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. Thanks very much.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Good obscure, answer to your obscure question as well.

Operator

Thank you. The last question is from Scott Chan from Canaccord Genuity. Please go ahead.

Scott Chan -- Canaccord Genuity -- Analyst

Hi. Good afternoon. I wanted to -- lots of questions on the Canadian housing, but I want to switch to U.S. housing, and perhaps get your take on kind of what's unfolding there. And then when I kind of look at your book share, residential mortgage is very solid and your HELOC book is trending downwards, and maybe some thoughts regarding those portfolios for the balance of the year?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Sure, Scott. So, first, I would say, I'm glad you pointed out, the mortgage book has been up for several quarters now year-over-year, and we were up 8% this quarter. As you might know, you know, if I just contrast this to just a few quarters ago or back before last year, and the cycle of rate hikes really intensified. It would have been more of a balanced mix between refinance and purchase, and we're seeing this certainly a swing to a purchase market with far less on the refi as rates have been moving up for the last year and a half.

So the volume that we're seeing is decidedly being driven by jumbo mortgages, and certainly not only into the consumer book, but also into the private bank and the wealth business in the U.S.

You correctly pointed out that the home equity business is down, and we're down 6% year-over-year. But I would also contrast that to many of our peers and they're seeing double digits for quite some time now. And that's just evident of when rates started going up, there's been a large refinance out of home equity into more permanent or fixed rate mortgages, and even we're seeing a little bit of an uptick with that with rates beginning to stabilize over the last three or four months, and actually come in on the long end, folks have had another bite at that apple on the refi side for home equity balances. So, relative to peers, while we're down in home equities, and it's certainly less than half of the sizable book than we are in the mortgage side, you know it is -- you know we are still seeing outperformance relative to peers even though we're down year-over-year.

Scott Chan -- Canaccord Genuity -- Analyst

That's very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And the next question is from Sohrab Movahedi from BMO Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey, thank you for that. Just two quickies. Teri, do you -- does your business do any lending to the private mortgage market?

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

My business does not.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

And so Ajai, is there a policy around any lending to mortgage investment corporations or otherwise at the Bank?

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

I'm pretty confident, there are policies, and we limit any of that kind of lending.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Can you quantify it?

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

No, I don't have that information available.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. And then just to -- just to go back to Darko's question, if you have negative migration and you are reflecting that negative migration through higher provisions, whether it's Stage 1, 2 or 3, will that then relieve some of the pressure that we would have otherwise expected to see from RWA appreciation?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Well, as I said, Sohrab, it might to some extent, but the two systems don't really work hand in hand. The risk weighting system is different from the IFRS 9 accounting system. So as I said earlier you can get overlaps and that just increases the procyclicality of the regime, but given the quality of the credit book in our underwriting, we wouldn't anticipate that it would give us big swings.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

But -- so just to play that back to, Riaz, maybe take another kick at it. If capital ultimately is intended to defend against unexpected losses and you, therefore, have expected deterioration in the credit quality and reflected through higher RWAs, then presumably -- or through higher provisions then presumably, don't need to also account for it through higher capital retention. Is that fair?

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

I think in principle that is the correct framework, Sohrab, and if you go back and look at all the comments that were made to the various authorities around the accounting provisions and the introduction of the various Basel rules, those provisions were pointed out, and I think those papers give you a pretty good understanding of what that -- how those two interact.

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thank you very much.

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Sohrab.

Operator

Thank you. There are no further questions registered at this time, I would now like to turn the meeting back over to Mr. Masrani.

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, operator, and nothing obscure about our results, I might add. TD delivered a great quarter, and I want to take this opportunity to thank our 85,000 TD bankers around the world for continuing to deliver for our shareholders. Thanks for joining us this afternoon and see you in 90 days.

Operator

Thank you. The conference has now ended. Please disconnect your lines at this time, and we thank you for your participation.

Duration: 66 minutes

Call participants:

Gillian Manning -- Head of Investor Relations

Bharat Masrani -- Group President & Chief Executive Officer

Riaz Ahmed -- Group Head & Chief Financial Officer

Ajai Bambawale -- Group Head & Chief Risk Officer

Greg Braca -- President and Chief Executive Officer, TD Bank, America's Most Convenient Bank

Teri Currie -- Group Head & Canadian Personal Banking

Bob Dorrance -- Group Head, Wholesale Banking

Sumit Malhotra -- Scotia Capital -- Analyst

Meny Grauman -- Cormark Securities -- Analyst

Ebrahim Poonawala -- Bank of America Merrill -- Analyst

Robert Sedran -- CIBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Steve Theriault -- Eight Capital -- Analyst

Doug Young -- Desjardins Capital -- Analyst

Gabriel Dechaine -- National Bank Financial -- Analyst

Nigel D'Souza -- Veritas Investment Research -- Analyst

Darko Mihelic -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Scott Chan -- Canaccord Genuity -- Analyst

Sohrab Movahedi -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

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