The Parisian in Macau will be Las Vegas Sands' next resort in the region. Image source: Las Vegas Sands.
The past year hasn't exactly gone the way the gaming industry wanted. A weaker than expected economy in China and the government's crackdown on corruption had wealthy gamblers holding on to their money instead of gambling at Macau's casinos.
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The result was a big decline in gaming stocks with exposure to Macau. MGM Resorts , which has the least exposure to Macau of the four major gaming companies, declined the least, while Las Vegas Sands , Wynn Resorts , and Melco Crown have all fallen by at least 28%. So, which gaming stocks are attractive now?
Finding the value in gaming The two most important things to consider with gaming stocks are their price and their growth prospects. We'll start with what gaming companies are worth today.
The table below lists the enterprise value (market cap plus net debt) of each of the four companies compared against their EBITDA generated in the last year.
Data source: Company earnings releases and SEC filings. Calculations by the author.
MGM Resorts has the lowest enterprise value-to-EBITDA ratio and Melco Crown has the highest. But with all four companies trading between 9.2 and 10.2 there's not much separation from a value perspective.
Growth, or lack thereof It might sound crazy to industry observers, but Las Vegas is actually a stronger market today than Macau. In 2014, Las Vegas Strip gaming revenue fell 2.1%; Macau's gaming revenue fell 2.6%, despite growing 12.6% in the first six months of the year. So far in 2015, Macau's gaming revenue is down 36.6% year over year.
Macau is still a highly attractive market thanks to extremely high margins, but Las Vegas isn't the slow-growth little brother it used to be.
Wynn Palace, Wynn Resorts' next resort in Macau. Image source: Wynn Resorts.
The other thing to consider is what companies are building, in Macau and elsewhere. All four companies are building resorts in Macau, although Melco Crown only owns 60% of its resort, which isn't yet approved for gaming tables.
What's different for each of these companies is the base they're building on. MGM and Wynn only operate a single resort in Macau, so opening new resorts on the Cotai Strip will have a huge impact on their business, potentially more than doubling their revenue and EBITDA in the region. Las Vegas Sands has four major resorts in Macau, so adding another one will have less impact on a percentage basis.
If Macau isn't going to keep growing, I would lean toward companies that are taking market share by adding a single resort, which Wynn and MGM should do. Las Vegas Sands has held up best recently, but it will lose its grip on Cotai as at least six new resorts are built there in the next few years, so they're less likely to have the same growth rate as smaller competitors.
The winner is... Even though it has the least exposure to Macau of all four companies, I think MGM Resorts has the best near-term growth opportunities and also the best value. Given its high debt load, it also has significant leverage if Macau or Las Vegas grow in the future, although that debt also comes with increased potential downside risk if things don't play out well.
When MGM Cotai opens, the upside increases dramatically. The resort will be about twice the size of the existing MGM Macau resort, which has generated $850 million in EBITDA over the past year. If we assume that the new resort only matches that performance the company's EV/EBITDA ratio falls to 6.8.
The upside for all three other companies is in Macau's overall growth. If Macau returns to double-digit growth, they all have higher upside, but I think its foundation in Las Vegas and growth opportunities in Macau make MGM Resorts the best stock in gaming today.
The article The One Casino Company to Buy Today originally appeared on Fool.com.
Travis Hoium owns shares of Wynn Resorts, Limited. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.
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