The American Express Company's Winning Formula

When the American Express Company (NYSE: AXP) lost Costco Wholesale as a corporate partner in early 2016, shares of the iconic credit card company tanked as investors wondered how the company was going to fill the huge void left by the significant percentage of members who held its Costco-branded card. Now, just two years removed from the fiasco, the company's stock price has largely recovered and is well on its way to seeing new all-time highs. Even a cursory glance at the company's first-quarter results shows that its performance is what's powering this upward movement.

When American Express recently reported its latest financial results, total revenues had risen to $9.72 billion, a 12% increase year over year, and earnings grew to $1.86 per share, a whopping 38% increase year over year. While a good chunk of that earnings boost was produced by the new tax legislation, even after adjusting for the new tax law, adjusted earnings per share growth would have still seen a double-digit percentage increase. Several factors contributed to this solid top- and bottom-line growth, led by the obvious growth of total loans to $75.8 billion, a 16% increase year over year. Other highlights included a 9% increase to almost $5.9 billion in discount revenue, the fee American Express charges to merchants, and a 23% increase in net interest income to just over $1.8 billion.

Amex Metrics Q1 2018 Q1 2017 Change
Total revenues $9.7 billion $8.7 billion 12%
Diluted EPS $1.86 $1.35 38%
Total loans $75.8 billion $65.3 billion 16%

How has American Express been able to drive such strong growth after losing its biggest source of card holders just two years ago? It has done so by focusing on a new formula for success: using low-cost methods to find new customers and drive up spending from existing customers. Seems simple, right? Well, it's easier said than done, but the company is doing a marvelous job of executing this effective strategy. Let's take a closer look at exactly how the credit card issuer is so easily accomplishing its goals.

A new generation of card members

In the first quarter, American Express added 3.5 million new card members -- that's a lot! In fact, it's almost a million more than the company added in the first quarter of 2017. While a good portion of that is thanks to American Express acquiring Hilton Hotels' card portfolio, CFO Jeffrey Campbell insisted the company would have recognized double-digit percentage growth in new card accounts year over year even without the acquisition. He said the company was able to do this even as its traditional marketing spending decreased. When asked how during the company's conference call, he responded:

Increased customer engagement

Beyond adding new members, the other side to AmEx's phenomenal success over the past year has been increasing customer engagement. While expenses increased by double-digit percentages for both Card Member Services and Card Member Rewards, Campbell believes these are the areas where American Express really differentiates itself from the competition by offering rewards and perks that are not found elsewhere. Two of the things he specifically called out were increased airport lounge access for travelers and giving Delta Air Lines passengers first-bag-free perks. When asked about the fierce competition for rewards, Campbell added:

There is other evidence that existing card members seem to be extremely happy with their relationship as well. Halfway through a year-long rollout of price increases for Platinum card members, the company is not seeing any uptick in attrition rates.

Amex's winning formula

While this seems like a simple formula for success, it has proven to be extremely difficult for many companies to carry out. Yet American Express has thus far been able to pull it off. It has found new card members by focusing on low-cost acquisition channels and increased card member engagement by giving their customers the perks and rewards they want. More new members and increased business from existing customers -- a simple but winning combination!

The company seems confident it can continue to achieve success on the back of successfully executing this formula. During the quarter's conference call, management guided that it now expects to hit the upper range of its EPS guidance of $6.90 to $7.30 for 2018. Using $7.20 as a guidepost, then, shares still sell at an extremely attractive forward P/E ratio of 13.8, even after the jump in price after reporting its earnings. With an attractive valuation and a proven winning strategy, investors might want to give American Express a second look while its shares are still on sale.

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Matthew Cochrane has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends American Express and Costco Wholesale. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.