Energy companies, tracked as a sector within the S&P, rose over 47%, just ahead of real estate's 42% gain – also the best on record – and technology, which added 33%, the best year since 2020. This as financials netted over 32%, the best year since 2013, all tracked by Dow Jones Market Data Group.
These sectors bested the overall performance of the S&P 500 which gained 27% – the largest one-year percentage gain since 2019.
OIL POST THE LARGEST ANNUAL GAIN SINCE 2009: $75.21
Oil prices, which rose 55% in 2021 closing at $75.21 per barrel, got an inflation tailwind from the rapid pandemic rebound, as well as a curb in U.S. production that partly came from the Biden administration's policies, steered toward green energy and the canceling of pipelines.
Energy-specific exchange-traded funds did even better.
|USO||UNITED STATES OIL FUND L.P.||61.05||+0.08||+0.13%|
The United States Oil Fund, which mirrors spot prices of U.S. oil, gained over 60%.
As did the SPDR S&P Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETF.
|XOP||SPDR SERIES TRUST S&P OIL & GAS EXPL & PRODTN||107.92||-1.20||-1.10%|
Some stocks within the XOP ETF rose by triple digits including SM Energy, which gained 384%, and Callon Petroleum, which rose 263% for the year.
|SM||SM ENERGY CO.||33.68||-1.08||-3.11%|
What's ahead for 2022?
Pulitzer prize winner Daniel Yergin, now IHS Markit vice chairman and author of "The New Map," says the Biden administration is changing its anti-oil tune, which will return America to energy independence achieved under the Trump administration.
"You've seen this pivot in the Biden administration … how should we put it, indifferent to the oil industry or not very interested in it but in the last few weeks they are suddenly actually saying to the oil industry, ‘oh could you increase production?' because they are worried about inflation, they are worried about … gasoline prices and what the impact will be on the 2022 elections," Yergin explained.
Gasoline prices closed out the year at $3.28 per gallon, down slightly from the seven-year-high hit during the fall. A year ago, prices averaged $2.25, as tracked by AAA.