How The Volatility Of Earnings Season Can Affect Leveraged ETFs

With another earnings season upon us, leveraged ETF traders can look forward to periods of both opportunity and risk as volatility reaches its quarterly pitch.

While the unpredictable influence of these reports amplifies the need for precise management of these vehicles, the sharp swings possible in both directions make for great trading opportunities. As we head into the Q2 earnings season, we thought wed take a look back at how a few of the largest leveraged ETFs behaved through past seasons.


One of earliest sectors to report each season is the financials, which have recently seen a fair mix of good and mediocre returns as interest rates slowly rise. Taking a look at the first quarter report schedule for a few of the companies that make up the largest portion of the Direxion Daily Financial Bull 3X Shares (NYSEARCA: FAS) and Direxion Daily Financial Bear 3X Shares (NYSEARCA: FAZ). This includes JPMorgan Chase & Co. (NYSE:JPM),Berkshire Hathaway Inc. (NYSE: BRK.A),Wells Fargo & Co (NYSE:WFC),Citigroup Inc (NYSE:C), andVisa Inc (NYSE:V)

Below is the chart for Direxions Financial Bull 3x ETF covering the first quarter reporting period for these companies.

The performance data quoted represents past performance. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

You can see price was fairly reactive during the actual reporting days, and volume activity in the fund remained high for the initial cluster of reports. However, as volume decreased after the span between JPM and Vs reports, FAS tended to gap upward. A similar, but more muted volume trend can be seen in the inverse when looking at the Direxion 3x bear ETF.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.


Another early reporting sector, the oil production companies covered by the Direxion Daily Energy Bull and Bear 3x Shares incorporate large positions in Exxon Mobil Corporation (NYSE:XOM),Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX),Schlumberger Limited(NYSE:SLB)andConocoPhillips (NYSE:COP). Below is the chart for Direxion Daily Energy Bull 3X Shares(BMV: ERX) over the course of the energy reporting period.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.

One thing of note in this chart is the ebb and flow in volume activity within the ETF before during and after each of the major reporting dates. This rush in activity in-between reports, followed by lulls during their delivery, underlie a fairly stable price over the two-week span in which the reports were delivered.

Some of this caution within the sector could be a result of a downtrend in oil prices that became a major focus during this period. While most of the highlighted companies showed mixed results for the quarter, sentiment in the sector was generally middling overall.

This theory might also be borne out by the heightened investor activity in the Direxion Daily Energy Bear 3X Shares(BMV:ERY)for the same span, seen below.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Through most of the season, volume, though overall lower than in the bull ETF, retained a more stable level through the heart of the report deliveries, with less significant valleys.


Finally, the tech sectors prior earnings reactivity as seen through Direxion Daily Technology Bull 3X Shares(BMV: TECL)andDirexion Daily Technology Bear 3X Shares (BMV: TECS)reveals the steady upside in stocks likeApple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL),Alphabet Inc (NASDAQ:GOOGL),Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT)and others after a strong quarter that saw theNasdaq Inc (NASDAQ:NDAQ)composite grow by nearly 10 percent. Below is the chart showing the range of the top four positions within the fund during and after their deliveries.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Again, as major Nasdaq components, these stocks had already performed, on average, extremely well over the quarter. That indication may account for the high volume leading into the initial reports and the upward momentum following the small sell-off that occurred on Alphabet and Microsofts reports. Ranges in the ETF remained narrow after initially gapping up and stayed near a dollar range through the reports.

So, what does this tell us? That leveraged ETFs, particularly the ones focused on sectors, can be especially volatile through earnings periods. While equity trades can get a little crowded, these funds could offer an opportunity for those looking to capture immediate alpha with short-term trades.

* The Net Expense Ratio includes management fees, other operating expenses and Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses. If Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses were excluded, the Net Expense Ratio would be 0.95%. The Funds Adviser, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (Rafferty) has entered into an Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with each Fund, under which Rafferty has contractually agreed to cap all or a portion of its management fee and/or reimburse each Fund for Other Expenses through September 1, 2018, to the extent that the Funds Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses exceed 0.95% of the Funds daily net assets other than the following: taxes, swap financing and related costs, acquired fund fees and expenses, dividends or interest on short positions, other interest expenses, brokerage commissions and extraordinary expenses. If these expenses were included, the expense ratio would be higher.

The performance data quoted represents past performance. Past performance does not guarantee future results. The investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate. An investors shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. Returns for performance under one year are cumulative, not annualized. For the most recent month-end performance please visit the funds website at

Standardized performance as of June 30, 2017

Disclaimers for the funds mentioned above can be found here. Regulatory filings can be found here.

2017 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.