Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has met with his Indian counterpart on a two-day state visit during which they are expected to sign a deal to allow the export of uranium to New Delhi for use in power generation.
The agreement is expected to be signed Friday evening.
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Australia, which has almost a third of the world's known uranium reserves, imposes strict conditions on uranium exports and India's failure to sign the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty had long been a barrier to a deal.
Both countries have been negotiating a so-called nuclear safeguards agreement with verification mechanisms since 2012 when a former Australian government agreed on civil nuclear energy cooperation with India that would eventually allow the export of Australian uranium.