SEATTLE/PARIS (Reuters) - Boeing Co is freezing new hiring and overtime except in certain critical areas to preserve cash, the U.S. planemaker's CEO said on Wednesday, as the coronavirus outbreak compounds the fallout from a year-old grounding of its money-spinning 737 MAX.
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The twin global crises, and news that Boeing is planning to draw down the rest of a $13.8 billion loan it took last month, sent shares down more than 14% to almost a three-year low on Wednesday amid a broader market dip over the spreading virus.
Boeing Chief Executive Dave Calhoun told employees on Wednesday the company was taking steps to address the business pressures that result from "the pain our customers and suppliers are feeling."
"It's critical for any company to preserve cash in challenging periods," Calhoun wrote in a memo seen by Reuters.
Layoffs or furloughs were also a "real possibility" but were seen as a separate, later action, one person familiar with the company's thinking said. A second industry source said job cuts were likely as the aviation industry is squeezed by plummeting travel demand and a safety ban on the 737 MAX after two fatal crashes hit the one-year mark.
A Boeing official said there were no plans at this time for job cuts but the company was closely monitoring business conditions.
The cash preservation strategy comes as Boeing scrambles to curb fallout from the year-old grounding of the 737 MAX jet after crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia killed 346 people five months apart.
The worldwide safety ban wiped billions off the company's value and sparked hundreds of lawsuits from bereaved families.
Boeing took in 18 new orders for widebody planes in February but saw more customers cancel 737 MAX orders.
Separately, a person familiar with the matter said Boeing was drawing down the loan because of overall market volatility and not due to the changing of the return to service date for the 737 MAX, which has been pushed back for months and is now expected at earliest mid-year.
Boeing took the extraordinary step of preserving production staffing levels when shutting down 737 MAX production earlier this year in order to be ready to ramp back up when the 737 MAX wins regulatory approvals to return to service.
But the depth of the coronavirus outbreaks and the demand by airlines to defer orders and delay pre-delivery payments has increased pressure on Boeing and forced it to consider tougher steps to reduce cash outflow, the people said.
United Airlines, for example, slashed its 2020 capital expenditure on Tuesday, a move that will halt jet deliveries and push back its timeline for future deliveries.
"To be clear, we will not be taking delivery of even a single aircraft in that CapEx forecast unless it is fully financed until the crisis is over," United President Scott Kirby told investors.
As of Jan. 21, United's main 2020 aircraft delivery commitments were with Boeing, including two 777-300s and 15 787s. It was also due to receive 28 737 MAXs, pending regulatory approval.
Boeing will want to avoid cutting into the resources needed for a smooth ramp up in 737 production, however, the people said. Losing workers to other companies in a tight labor market or training new ones would complicate such efforts.
"You'll hear from us often through this uncertain period ahead," Calhoun told employees. "We'll be clear about the challenges. And we'll be transparent as we consider additional affordability measures."
(Reporting by Eric M. Johnson in Seattle, Tim Hepher in Paris, Tracy Rucinski in Chicago, David Shepardson in Washington, and Rachit Vats in Bangalore; editing by Diane Craft)