Dear Dr. Don,
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My husband and I are full retirement age or older, but we plan to delay our own Social Security benefits until age 70. Can I, for example, "file and suspend," and then can my husband collect spousal benefits until age 70 when he files for his own benefits? Would the situation work vice versa? Can we both do it? If not, why not? The wife in this scenario will work full time during this period, and the husband also will likely have significant wage earnings.
- Nancy Niceties
Since you're both either at or older than Social Security's full retirement age, the spouse with the better work record can file for benefits and then request the benefit payments be suspended. By doing so, the spouse can receive a spousal benefit while still earning delayed retirement credits on his or her work record. That is, one spousal benefit is paid. Both spouses can earn delayed retirement credits up until age 70.
I discussed your question with Edward Lafferty, a spokesman for the Social Security Administration. He confirmed there's only one spousal benefit available to a couple. Both spouses can't file and suspend and then each receive a spousal benefit based on the other spouse's work record while both earning delayed retirement credits.
Because you're both at or older than Social Security's full retirement age, your wage income won't reduce your Social Security benefit payments. However, you will be paying payroll taxes on the wages.