Hurricane season here as Dorian threatens Florida: A look at the costly toll of what they leave behind

By Government SpendingFOXBusiness

Hurricane Dorian officially a major hurricane

There is still uncertainty as to when the strong storm will make a turn.

Hurricanes, like Dorian, cost the U.S. billions of dollars in damages every year. Between 1986 and 2015, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) estimates destruction caused by hurricanes totaled more than $515 billion.

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FOX Business breaks down the five costliest hurricanes to hit the U.S.

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Here's a look at what it took to repair some of the worst damage that's come to America's shores.

5. IRMA

In 2017, Hurricane Irma affected residents of Cape Verde, Leeward Islands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos, the Bahamas and the Southeastern U.S. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the Department of Commerce lists this hurricane as the fifth most costly storm in U.S. history with over $50 billion in damages. More than 134 people died as a result of the storm.

A U.S. flag flies over a debris field of former houses following Hurricane Irma in Islamorada, Florida, U.S., September 15, 2017. REUTERS/Carlo Allegri TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RC149AFA2680

4. SANDY

New York and areas surrounding the Big Apple recoiled from the widespread wreckage of Hurricane Sandy. Part of New York City went dark after the storm and trains went down.

Burned houses are seen next to those which survived in Breezy Point, a neighborhood located in the New York City borough of Queens, after they were devastated by Hurricane Sandy October 31, 2012. Sandy, the massive storm that tore through the U.S. Ea

The city is still repairing damages from the October 2012 disaster that killed 147 people. NOAA reports it as the fourth most expensive storm with $71 billion in damage.

3. MARIA

As the first blow in the existential destruction to Puerto Rico, Hurricane Maria claimed more than 2,975 lives in September 2017, according to a George Washington University survey commissioned by the Puerto Rican government, although reports of the actual death toll greatly differed in the wake of the storm.

Destroyed communities are seen in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria in Toa Alta, Puerto Rico, Thursday, Sept. 28, 2017. The aftermath of the powerful storm has resulted in a near-total shutdown of the U.S. territory’s economy that lastins weeks. (AP P

The Geroge Washington University study makes Maria the deadliest storm on this top five list. Maria cost $90 billion in infrastructure damage, per NOAA, even leaving parts of the territory without potable water and in darkness for months.

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In the years after the destruction, the Puerto Rican government has been plagued with corruption and the territory has struggled to revive itself. In the wake of the contentious corruption allegations, FEMA announced increased oversight for relief funds, reinstating the manual drawdown process.

2. HARVEY

This storm ravaged the Southern U.S. in 2017, costing the area a whopping $127 billion, according to NOAA. The country rallied around residents of Texas who were affected by the storm. At least 68 people died from the tropical cyclone and 36 in Houston’s Harris County alone, the most since 1919.

CORRECTS FROM CONNIE TO CATHERINE - Houston Police SWAT officer Daryl Hudeck carries Catherine Pham and her 13-month-old son Aiden after rescuing them from their home surrounded by floodwaters from Tropical Storm Harvey Sunday, Aug. 27, 2017, in Hous

1. KATRINA

Arguably the most infamous hurricane to tear through continental America in modern history, Katrina divided a nation over the alleged misallocation of FEMA resources and the highly-debated federal mismanagement of the crisis, which lead Kanye West to utter his famous line about former president George Bush, saying he "doesn’t care about black people,” during a telethon. With damages around $161 billion, the August 2005 hurricane tops the list as the costliest on record in the U.S., per NOAA.

More than 1,500 people died in the storm's aftermath, according to the National Weather Service.

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