Google is reportedly working on a new operating system, according to Android Police. It's not going to replace Android or Chrome OS, but it could serve as an additional choice for an unknown range of products.
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The OS, currently called Fuchsia, also comes with another trick: unlike Android and Chrome OS, it's not based on Linux.
Google isn't spilling much information itself. The description on Fuchsia's GitHub page is fairly unremarkable: "Pink + Purple == Fuchsia (a new Operating System)." That's it.
According to Android Police, the operating system's Magenta kernel allows it to work with full-fledged desktop and laptop PCs, as well as various wearable devices. Fuchsia can run on 32-bit and 64-bit ARM CPUs, as well as 64-bit Intel CPUs (and, eventually, Raspberry Pi 3). Looking forward, it's certainly possible that Fuchsia could replace both Chrome OS and Android, but it's a bit too early to call it just yet.
As for why Google is working on a new OS, the current speculation suggests that the company is looking to deploy something that's a bit more lightweight for devices that don't have a full Linux load. Theoretically, Fuchsia would make more sense when used within lesser devices, like IoT products, Google's OnHub router, or a car dashboard unit.
It's also possible that Google's interest in a new operating system is just that—interest, not an indication that Google is planning to add a new OS to its mix. As Android Police notes, Google is already fairly well-served by Android and Chrome OS, and building a brand-new operating system from scratch takes a lot of resources, time, and debugging.