Mortgage rates dropped this week, as the latest economic data disappointed investors and the Fed reminded them that the economy is far from recovery.
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The benchmark 30-year fixed-rate mortgage fell to 4.23%, compared to 4.29% the previous week, according to the Bankrate.com national survey of large lenders. The mortgages in this week's survey had an average total of 0.39 discount and origination points. One year ago, the mortgage index was 5.01%; four weeks ago, it was 4.10%.
The benchmark 15-year fixed-rate mortgage fell to 3.44% from 3.48% the previous week, and the benchmark 5/1 adjustable-rate mortgage fell to 3.14% from 3.24%.
Mortgage experts expected rates to shoot up again this week after last week's spike, but recent economic reports pushed rates down.
"It was a pleasant surprise," that rates improved in recent days, says Michael Becker, a mortgage banker at WCS Funding in Baltimore.
Early to Celebrate Recovery
As the stock market rallied last week, investors pulled their money out of government bonds in search of higher returns. That led to a spike in rates. But the upward trend reversed as Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke injected a dose of reality into the markets during a televised interview Tuesday. Bernanke says it's far too early "to declare victory" in the U.S. economic recovery.
"We haven't quite got to the point where we can be completely confident that we're on track to a full recovery," he says.
Consumers seem to share his view. The Consumer Confidence Index dropped 1.4 points to 70.2 in March, as consumers worried about inflation and rising gas prices.
The latest data on the housing market were dismal.
"Despite some positive economic signs, home prices continued to drop," says David M. Blitzer, chairman of the Index Committee at S&P Indices. According to the 20-city Standard & Poor's/Case-Shiller Home Price Index released Tuesday, home prices fell 3.8% in January.
The pace of home sales also slowed down a bit in February, according to the National Association of Realtors. The Realtors index slipped 0.5% in February, but it remained significantly better than a year ago.
Expect Volatility in Rates
As investors continue to get mixed signals on the local and global economy, mortgage rates will fluctuate, Becker says.
"We might be entering another period of volatility, which is scary because we got so complacent with rates being in a tight range for a while," he says.
The 30-year fixed rate averaged 4.17% in the first quarter of the year, down from an average of 4.26% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to Bankrate's weekly survey.
Barry Habib, chief market strategist for Residential Finance Corporation in Marlboro, N.J., says he expects rates will improve in coming days before they begin to rise again.
"There is going to be a lot of volatility," he says. "The next couple of days could be the best time to lock in. Beyond that, we'll probably get a wave of ups and downs. The summer will be a real turning point for rates."
Borrowers Must Get Off the Fence
Borrowers who think they should wait for better rates and homebuyers who want to wait for lower prices shouldn't take the chance, Habib says.
"Would you rather buy a little higher at a much lower rate or a bit cheaper at a much higher rate?" he asks.
Mortgage Applications Drop Despite HARP Traffic
But many borrowers, including refinancers, seem to have gone on a waiting mode in recent weeks.
The volume of mortgage applications decreased 2.7% last week, compared to a week earlier, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. Refinance applications decreased 4.6%. Refinance volume has decreased for six weeks in a row.
The decline in the number of applications comes as a surprise because industry experts expected a surge in refinances once HARP 2.0 rolled out.
Rob Nunziata, president of FBC Mortgage in Orlando, Fla., notes that the MBA figures are national and in hard-hit areas, HARP 2.0 is keeping mortgage professionals extremely busy.
"We've taken over 400 applications for HARP 2.0," he says. "We're extremely busy, and some lenders have increased their underwriting period from four days to 20 days."