Intended to combat the trade in pirated movies and music, the two bills would give copyright holders and law enforcement officials added powers to cut off websites and require search engines, payment collectors and others to block access.
``The solutions are draconian,'' Schmidt said during an appearance at the MIT Sloan School of Management. ``There's a bill that would require (Internet service providers) to remove URLs from the Web, which is also known as censorship last time I checked.''
Schmidt said content owners like Hollywood studios have a legitimate problem, since increasing trading of pirated movies threatens their revenue.
``Their business models are threatened by theft,'' Schmidt said. ``We don't endorse it. Please don't do it. If you're doing it, stop. I hope that's very clear.''
The legislation Schmidt opposed is called the PROTECT IP Act in the Senate and the Stop Online Piracy Act in the House .
Instead, Schmidt recommended regulations based on tracing payments spent at websites offering illegal materials.
``We are concerned that these measures pose a serious risk to our industry's continued track record of innovation and job creation, as well as to our nation's cybersecurity,'' the companies wrote.