Google's firing of software engineer James Damore is fueling new debate inside the company over its diversity program and its openness to conservative viewpoints.
Google employees are split over management's dismissal of Mr. Damore, who wrote and distributed a memo that argued biological differences between men and women help explain the gender gap in the technology industry, according to interviews and informal polls of employees.
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Some employees say Google executives didn't go far enough to denounce Mr. Damore's stance. Others say it is difficult to openly discuss diversity issues at the company because of a liberal bias among managers and colleagues at Google, a unit of Alphabet Inc. And one employee said his managers' reaction to Mr. Damore's firing "has made it explicitly clear that any view not left (of) center is not welcome."
The variety of responses reflect that there are many conservatives and libertarians among the employee ranks at tech firms, even though they are seen as predominantly liberal. At Alphabet, which has nearly 76,000 employees, Mr. Damore's firing has posed a test for how employees' views compare with their co-workers', inflaming feelings still raw from the divisive presidential election, employees said.
Google employees across the globe were scheduled to tune in to a companywide town-hall meeting late Thursday in which executives plan to field employees' questions voted on by their peers. The questions with the most votes get asked.
A sampling of some of the most popular questions as of Monday night, according to employees, reflects the spectrum of views on the memo and its fallout. One question asks how Google will protect female employees who have been harassed online for criticizing the memo. Another asks whether Google lowers the bar for diversity candidates. Some questions complain about how conservatives aren't welcome at Google. And one asks how Google plans to stop leaks to the press.
A person familiar added that an additional top question likely to be asked is: "What can we do to clarify for the entire company that there is one hiring bar," regardless of race or gender?
There are "definite mixed feelings" inside the company, one employee said. "There are people of all political stripes, and there's outrage at the extreme of both ends of the spectrum and more sanity in the middle." Moderate liberals at the company don't believe the memo threatens the rights of women at the company, while moderate conservatives don't think his firing means they can't express themselves, this employee said. "But ultimately the loudest voices on the fringes drive the perception and reaction."
In the mobile app Blind, where users must use their work email addresses to verify they are employees at a given company, a survey of Google employees reflected the divisions. Of 440 Google employees who responded to a Blind survey on Tuesday and Wednesday, 56% said they disagreed with Google's decision to fire Mr. Damore.
Google Chief Executive Sundar Pichai said in an email to employees Monday that Mr. Damore's memo violated company policies "by advancing harmful gender stereotypes in our workplace." But he added that "we strongly support the right of Googlers to express themselves, and much of what was in that memo is fair to debate, regardless of whether a vast majority of Googlers disagree with it."
Google's diversity and inclusion program is a major priority at the company, employees say, with managers tasked with hiring more minorities and women, or at least showing efforts to do so. The program was in part sparked by poor happiness ratings among women and minorities at the company in annual surveys, one employee said. Google said in June that 69% of its staff were men, 56% were white and 35% were Asian.
One employee said he disagreed with Mr. Damore's memo, which he called "academic harassment," and supported his firing, noting "people have been fired for a lot less." But the employee said the diversity program risks breeding dissent among the mostly white and Asian male staff, and he agreed with Mr. Damore that open discussion isn't possible at Google.
"There are some topics that are off limits, including gender and racial diversity," he said.
Another employee said she feels comfortable discussing the diversity program with colleagues "but I'm in the majority that thinks they're fair and necessary. I'd imagine if you weren't confident diversity outreach had value you would be concerned that voicing it would offend your other co-workers who joined through those programs."
Google's liberalism was clear at an internal town-hall meeting after the presidential election, where top executives commiserated with employees over Donald Trump's victory, according to a recording of the meeting viewed by the Journal. Alphabet Chief Financial Officer Ruth Porat, who publicly supported Hillary Clinton, called the election results "a kick in the gut." Executives fielded a variety of questions over the hourlong meeting but none of the questions were in support of Mr. Trump's victory.
Eileen Naughton, Google's human-resources chief, said at the meeting that she was pleased to see employees holding spontaneous support groups after the election. But she added she had heard from conservative employees who "haven't felt entirely comfortable revealing who they are ... So I believe we need to do better. We need to be tolerant and inclusive."
--Greg Bensinger, Deepa Seetharaman and Georgia Wells contributed to this article.
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(END) Dow Jones Newswires
August 10, 2017 16:17 ET (20:17 GMT)