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Initial claims for state unemployment benefits tumbled 19,000 to a seasonally adjusted 234,000 for the week ended Feb. 2, the Labor Department said on Thursday.
Claims jumped to 253,000 in the prior week, which was the highest reading since September 2017, amid layoffs in the service industry in California.
Economists blamed that surge on a strike by teachers in California, a 35-day partial shutdown of the federal government as well as difficulties adjusting the data around moving holidays like Martin Luther King Jr. day, which occurred later this year than in the past.
The government shutdown ended on Jan. 25 after President Donald Trump and Congress agreed to temporary government funding, without money for his U.S.-Mexico border wall.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast claims falling to 221,000 in the latest week. The Labor Department said no states were estimated last week.
The four-week moving average of initial claims, considered a better measure of labor market trends as it irons out week-to-week volatility, rose 4,500 to 224,750 last week.
The government reported last Friday that non-farm payrolls increased by 304,000 jobs in January, the largest gain since February 2018. The strong labor market should help support the economy amid rising headwinds, including a diminishing boost from fiscal stimulus and slowing growth in China and Europe.
Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said on Wednesday that "the U.S. economy is now in a good place."
The Fed last week kept interest rates steady but said it would be patient in lifting borrowing costs further this year in a nod to growing uncertainty over the economy's outlook. The U.S. central bank removed language from its December policy statement that risks to the outlook were "roughly balanced."
Thursday's claims report showed the number of people receiving benefits after an initial week of aid fell 42,000 to 1.74 million for the week ended Jan. 26. These so-called continuing claims had raced to a nine-month high in the prior week.
The four-week moving average of continuing claims rose 4,250 to 1.74 million.
(Reporting By Lucia Mutikani; Editing by Andrea Ricci)