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The department announced plans to auction the first 20-year bond on May 20, with an initial offering of $20 billion.
“Treasury’s borrowing needs have increased substantially as a result of the federal government’s response to the Covid-19 outbreak,” the Treasury said in a statement.
As a result of the virus outbreak, the Treasury Department is borrowing $2.99 trillion in the current quarter alone, far more than it ever has before. The amount is five times more than the government's previous record borrowing for a quarter of $569 billion in the midst of the Great Recession.
Treasury said the record sum is needed to pay for nearly $3 trillion in stimulus measures approved by the federal government to insulate the U.S. economy from the crisis and support tens of millions of jobless workers with direct payments.
The department said it expects to shift more of its issuance of Treasuries to longer-term securities moving forward.
“While the initial increases in financing related to the COVID-19 outbreak response were focused on Treasury bills, Treasury expects to begin to shift financing from bills to longer-dated tenors over the coming quarters,” Brian Smith, Treasury’s assistant secretary for federal finance, said in a statement.
“In light of the substantial increase in borrowing needs, Treasury plans to increase its long-term issuance as a prudent means of managing its maturity profile and limiting potential future issuance volatility,” he added.