Economy to slow in 2024, economists see 50% recession odds: NABE

US manufacturing has been contracting for 13 straight months

The U.S. economy, which is on pace to grow 5.2% in the third quarter, is heading for a sharp slowdown next year, according to the nation’s leading economists.

"The NABE [National Association of Business Economics] Outlook Survey Panel anticipates stronger U.S. economic growth projections for 2023 than in the October Outlook survey, but panelists expect growth to slow to 1% between the fourth quarter of 2023 and the fourth quarter of 2024," said NABE President Ellen Zentner, chief U.S. economist at Morgan Stanley, in the group’s latest survey.

U.S. GDP is expected to slow to 1.2% in the fourth quarter as tracked by the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta’s GDP Now, which was updated on Dec. 1, citing a slowdown in construction spending and manufacturing.

U.S. manufacturing registered its 13th straight month of contraction, slipping 0.9% in November.

401(K) HARDSHIP WITHDRAWALS ARE SURGING AS HIGH INFLATION SQUEEZES AMERICANS

workers at a manufacturing plant

Employees work on the assembly line at the Dakkota Integrated Systems manufacturing facility in Detroit. (Jeff Kowalsky/Bloomberg via Getty Images / Getty Images)

Much of the third quarter’s spurt was tied to summer travel, which hit a record, in what was described as post-pandemic "revenge travel." 

Also, consumers spent on experiences such as concerts, including Taylor Swift’s Eras Tour, which ranked No. 1 by raking in nearly $800 million gross, per Forbes, but these patterns likely didn’t continue in the fourth quarter at the same level, economists say. 

TAYLOR SWIFT, BEYONCE JUICE 3Q GDP

Taylor Swift strums blue guitar during stop on her Eras Tour

Taylor Swift recently made history with "Speak Now (Taylor's Version.)" (Tom Cooper / Getty Images)

Even with a slowing economy, fewer economists see a recession in the cards, with "three in four assigning a probability of 50% or less," according to the survey.

On Friday, the government’s report on November job growth is expected to show employers added 180,000 positions, slightly above the prior month’s 150,000, while the unemployment rate is seen holding at 3.9%.

OCTOBER'S INFLATION BREAKDOWN: WHERE PRICES ARE RISING/FALLING

The following Tuesday consumer inflation is expected to slip to 3.1% while the core rate, which strips out volatile food and energy prices, is seen holding at 4%. Both remain elevated but off the peak of inflation’s hot streak in the summer of 2022 when the consumer price index hit 9.1%. The NABE survey also predicts inflation to continue moderating.

"Panelists anticipate further slowing in core inflation — excluding food and energy costs — but doubt it will reach the Federal Reserve Board’s 2% target before year-end 2024," said NABE Outlook Survey Chair Mervin Jebaraj, director of the Center for Business and Economic Research at the University of Arkansas.

Updates on jobs and consumer inflation will be the last two major economic data reports heading into the Federal Reserve’s Dec. 13 meeting, the last of the year. Currently, 98.8% of market participants expect policymakers to keep rates as is, according to the CME’s FedWatch Tool.

FED'S FIGHT AGAINST INFLATION IS WEIGHING ON MIDDLE-CLASS AMERICANS

Fed Chairman Jerome Powell speaks during a press conference

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell (Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images / Getty Images)

Still, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell warned last week that policymakers may not be done with their rate hike cycle.

"We are prepared to tighten policy further if it becomes appropriate to do so," he said in remarks.

FED CHAIR JEROME POWELL DELIVERS WARNING ON RATES

Ticker Security Last Change Change %
I:DJI DOW JONES AVERAGES 39853.87 -504.22 -1.25%
SP500 S&P 500 5427.13 -128.61 -2.31%
I:COMP NASDAQ COMPOSITE INDEX 17342.413349 -654.94 -3.64%

The market shrugged off the warning, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 hitting highs of 2023 last week.

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