South Korean prosecutors said on Tuesday they will charge Samsung Group [SARG.UL] chief Jay Y. Lee with bribery and embezzlement as the top conglomerate announced the dismantling of its corporate strategy office, the latest developments in a scandal that has rocked the country for months.
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Jay Y. Lee, 48, was arrested on Feb. 17 over his alleged role in the corruption scandal involving impeached President Park Geun-hye, dealing a fresh blow to the standard-bearer for Asia's fourth-largest economy.
The special prosecutor's office said on Tuesday, the last day of its investigation, that it would charge Lee, third-generation leader of the tech giant, and four other executives with bribery and embezzlement.
It also said it would charge him with pledging bribes to a company and organisations tied to Park's confidant, Choi Soon-sil, the woman at the centre of the scandal, to cement his control of the smartphones-to-biopharmaceuticals business empire.
"We apologize for the social controversy and distress we have caused," Samsung Group Executive Vice President Lee June told reporters.
The announcement came ahead of a Constitutional Court ruling on whether to uphold parliament's December impeachment of Park.
That impeachment was triggered by accusations that she colluded with Choi to pressure big businesses, including Samsung, to donate to two foundations set up to back the president's policy initiatives.
The 65-year-old daughter of a former military strongman has had her powers suspended. The Constitutional Court's ruling is expected sometime in March.
Should it uphold the impeachment, Park would become the country's first democratically elected president to be thrown out of office.
While a sitting president cannot be indicted, the special prosecutors nevertheless have classified her as a suspect.
They did not disclose specifics of the charges against Lee or other Samsung executives. Samsung Group, which has denied paying bribes to Park or seeking improper favours from her, declined to comment on the indictment.
Park, Choi and Lee have all denied wrongdoing. Based on the main charges levied against Lee, he could face up to 20 years in prison if convicted.
NERVE CENTRE SHUT
Lee in December promised to shut Samsung's corporate strategy office, a key nerve centre responsible for major initiatives such as investment in new businesses, amid accusations by politicians that it was a key organ for illicit lobbying efforts.
Composed of around 200 employees hand-picked from various affiliates, the office did not exist as a legal entity but wielded enormous power as the instrument of control for the founding Lee family.
Samsung said the chief executives and boards of the various affiliates such as Samsung Electronics and Samsung C&T Corp would set their own course going forward.
A Samsung Group spokeswoman said it had not yet decided how the conglomerate would deal with group-level issues such as coordination among various affiliates.
People familiar with the matter told Reuters in November that Lee was already moving towards more board-centric management to improve governance. The executive became a board member of Samsung Electronics last year, which the sources said signalled a desire to bring the conglomerate's management practices up to global standards.
On Tuesday, the special prosecutor's office said it would also indict four others at Samsung on charges including bribery and hiding assets overseas: group Vice Chairman Choi Gee-sung, President Chang Choong-ki, Samsung Electronics President Park Sang-jin and Executive Vice President Hwang Sung-soo.
Samsung Group said in its subsequent announcement that Choi, Chang and Park had resigned.
Special prosecution spokesman Lee Kyu-chul told reporters the case against President Park would be handed over to regular prosecutors, while signalling other conglomerates may also become involved in the investigation.
It was not immediately clear when Lee's trial would begin.
The special prosecutor's office will make an official announcement on the conclusion of its investigation on March 6.
(Additional reporting by Christine Kim and Joyce Lee; Editing by Nick Macfie)