Greece made a small interest payment to the International Monetary Fund on Wednesday but European lenders dashed hopes for a cash-for-reforms deal before a more crucial, bigger installment Athens must pay next week.
Leftist Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' government sought to shift blame on Tuesday onto the euro zone and IMF for a lack of agreement in the three-month-old negotiations, charging that each was setting different "red lines" on multiple issues from pension and labor reforms to the primary budget surplus.
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But EU officials accuse Greece of failing to produce enough concessions ahead of Monday's Eurogroup meeting of euro zone finance ministers and the group's chief, Jeroen Dijsselbloem, said an agreement then is no longer possible.
"Since the last Eurogroup quite a bit of progress has been made," he said in Paris. "I'm getting some positive reports from the talks in Brussels. Still, lots of issues have to be solved, have to been deepened more, with more details, so there will be no agreements on Monday. We have to be realistic."
Athens is hoping the Eurogroup register significant progress in the talks, possibly enabling the European Central Bank to let Greek banks buy more short-term government debt.
The ECB's governing council was expected to extend emergency liquidity assistance to the Greek banks when it conducts its weekly review later on Wednesday, but any further move depends on progress in the reform talks, central bank sources said.
Thomas Wieser, head of the Eurogroup Working Group which prepares decisions for the ministers, told CNBC late on Tuesday that as things stood there was no prospect of a deal by Monday.
"Colleagues in Brussels have been battling with fiscal issues, VAT issues, labor market reforms and I think it is fair to say that the judgment of everybody, including the Greek colleagues, is that we will not be there yet on Monday," Wieser said.
Deputy Finance Minister Dimitris Mardas said Athens had sent 200 million euros to the IMF on Wednesday but declined to comment on next week's 750 million euro payment to the IMF.
With some municipalities, regional and public entities resisting an order to turn over cash reserves to the central bank, the government is struggling to scrape together enough money to meet the IMF payment and pay wages and pensions later in the month, according to people familiar with the cash-raising effort.
A government source said the money raised so far by the decree has fallen short of a target of 2.5 billion euros and that Athens is expected to continue resorting to other one-off measures such as holding off some payments to suppliers.
Little detail has emerged from the "Brussels group" talks between Greece and the IMF, European Commission and ECB. However, Tuesday's angry statement by a Greek government official suggested the sides are still far apart.
"There has neither been big progress nor a stalemate," a source at the negotiating table told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity. "The Brussels group's work was not affected by the statement from Athens. Some gaps are narrowing but it should go faster if something substantial is to be presented on 11 May."Tsipras has made some concessions on restarting stalled privatizations, harmonizing value added tax and improving tax collection, but has refused to budge so far on pension cuts and labor law reform to ease private sector layoffs. The lenders also oppose his plans to raise the minimum wage.
Asked when a deal might be possible, the source said: "It depends on when Tsipras decides to tell his own people that he has to cross at least some of the red lines."
Deputy Prime Minister Yannis Dragasakis met ECB President Mario Draghi late on Tuesday to plead for Greek banks to be granted more emergency liquidity and allowed to buy more short-term treasury bills, easing the government's cash crunch.
"We stressed that the prospect of a deal is realistic provided all sides contribute creatively in order to achieve it, and work together to tackle the problem of liquidity," Dragasakis said in a Twitter message after the talks.
Greece sold 1.138 billion euros ($1.28 billion) of six-month T-bills on Wednesday, covering the entire amount it sought to raise in the first of two auctions this month.
Despite an increasingly dire financial position as bailout aid remains frozen, Athens has been able to find domestic buyers to plug any gaps resulting from foreign investors' reluctance to roll over their own Greek T-bill holdings.
However, the ECB has capped the amount that Greek banks can buy because of concerns that their use of central bank funds amounts to indirect monetary financing of the government.
(Additional reporting by Jan Strupczewski in Brussels, Deepa Babington and Lefteris Papadimas in Athens; Writing by Paul Taylor Editing by Jeremy Gaunt)