While gas prices continue ebbing, Washington lawmakers seek bills favoring electric cars

Even with gas prices hovering around $2 per gallon, Washington state lawmakers are considering a raft of bills to encourage more drivers to turn to electric cars in the name of reducing pollution.

Plug-in-and-charge automobiles are gaining popularity in the state; Washington records show there were nearly 12,000 registered electric cars by the end of last year. But with the state's 450 car charging stations mostly clustered around the Puget Sound region — there are none along Interstate 90 east of Cle Elum — Gov. Jay Inslee and some members of the House and Senate are pushing new laws that would make driving electric cars more convenient, albeit somewhat more expensive to buy and own.

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Bills in the House and Senate as part of Inslee's anti-pollution agenda would create a statewide electric vehicle infrastructure bank to fund new charging stations, using money set aside from state coffers.

Since electric car drivers don't pay gas taxes, the money to build the charging stations would come from a $100 annual fee for electric-car registration, along with a change to the cars' sales tax exemption, which is set to expire July 1.

A new bill would renew the sales tax exemption until 2021 for only the first $45,000 of an electric car's purchase price. That would cover the full cost of most electric cars sold by major automakers, such as the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt. But buyers would have to pay sales tax on part of the cost of high-end cars like the Tesla Model S.

Also under consideration are bills to implement Inslee's plan to require cities in King, Pierce, Snohomish and Thurston counties to allow charging stations in nearly all land zoning categories, including residential, and to create incentive programs to reward builders for adding car-charging stations to their projects.

A separate bill, sponsored largely by members of the mostly Republican Senate majority coalition, would include new electric-vehicle chargers as items that earn credits toward utilities' compliance with a conservation initiative voters approved in 2006.

The Senate Transportation Committee will hold hearings Wednesday afternoon on several bills related to the electric-car proposals.