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International and domestic concerns weighed on sentiment. The IMF predicted the global economy would grow at 3.5 percent in 2019 and 3.6 percent in 2020, down 0.2 and 0.1 percentage point, respectively, from last October's forecasts.
The National Association of Realtors said on Tuesday existing home sales declined 6.4 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.99 million units last month -- the lowest level since November 2015. November's sales pace was revised slightly up to 5.33 million unit from the previously reported 5.32 million units.
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The company said it expects 2019 sales in the range of $80.4 billion to $81.2 billion, compared with the average analyst estimate of $82.69 billion, according to IBES data from Refinitiv.
Arconic shares slumped after the aluminum products maker said it was no longer pursuing a sale.
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Investors also digested troubling economic news from China, which reported that its 2018 growth slowed to the lowest in nearly three decades. The economy cooled in the fourth quarter under pressure from lower domestic demand and the U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods.
Fourth-quarter gross domestic product grew at the slowest pace since the global financial crisis, easing to 6.4 percent on-year as expected from 6.5 percent in the third quarter, China's National Bureau of Statistics said on Monday. That pulled full-year growth down to 6.6 percent, the slowest annual pace since 1990.
In Asian markets on Tuesday, China’s Shanghai Composite ended the day 1.2 percent lower.
Hong Kong’s Hang Seng ended the session down 0.7 percent.
Japan’s Nikkei closed down 0.5 percent on the day.
In Europe, London’s FTSE traded lower by 1 percent, Germany’s DAX slipped 0.7 percent and France’s CAC was off 0.7 percent.
Markets were closed Monday for the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday.
FOX Business' Ken Martin contributed to this report.