The Rwandan government, members of parliament and genocide survivors have expressed their anger at the BBC over a recent documentary that suggested the country's president may have had a hand shooting down of his predecessor's plane.
The hour-long documentary — "Rwanda, The Untold Story" — also quoted U.S. researchers who suggested that most of the more than 800,000 Rwandans who died in the 1994 genocide may have been ethnic Hutus, and not ethnic Tutsis as is the common portrayal.
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Rwandan Minister of Foreign Affairs Louise Mushikiwabo said the documentary is an "attack on Rwanda and its people" and that her government is contemplating taking action against the BBC.
Rwandan authorities could move to halt BBC broadcasts in the country and suspend the global media outlet from having reporters in the East Africa country.
The BBC said in a statement that Rwanda's genocide raises painful issues but that the BBC has a duty to investigate challenging subjects. The BBC said it believes the program made a "valuable contribution to the understanding of the tragic history of the country and the region."
The BBC refuted the suggestion that the program constitutes a denial of the genocide against ethnic Tutsis and noted that there are repeated references to mass killings of Tutsis by ethnic Hutus.
The documentary suggested that President Paul Kagame ordered the downing of the plane of former President Juvenal Habyarimana, the act that is believed to have sparked the genocide.
"My government reserves the right to respond, on its own timing, in a manner commensurate with the weight of the offense," Mushikiwabo told The Associated Press.
Earlier this week the Rwandan parliament passed a resolution to ban the BBC and to lay charges against the journalists behind the documentary.
"What we are saying is that this gross denial of the genocide and disregarding facts to trivialize our history should not go unpunished," the president of the Senate, Bernard Makuza, told AP.
The Rwandan lawmakers are demanding an apology from the BBC. University students also held a protest march against the documentary.
Kagame accused the BBC of bringing together genocide revisionists in order to distort the facts about the mass killings.
The documentary quotes former Kagame allies, including former Lt. Gen. Kayumba Nyamwasa, who was previously an army chief of staff.
Rwanda under Kagame has no tolerance for dissent or political opposition, wrote David Mepham, a researcher at Human Rights Watch, on the organization's website.
"The Rwandan media is dominated by government views, and most media outlets follow the official line. Scores of Rwandan journalists have fled the country, unable to report freely and fearful for their safety," Mepham wrote. "Kagame's Rwanda is similarly ruthless in its treatment of political opponents."