Halliburton Company and the Other Side of the Equation

One of the key focuses of oil companies during the downturn in crude prices is lowering their costs. This helps them improve their cash flow as well as their drilling returns. Most of the focus on costs, however, has been on what drilling companies can see. They are optimizing their operations to drill faster and they are squeezing costs out of their cost structure. While that's all well and good, it's just one side of the drilling equation. It's that other side, the one below the surface, that Halliburton Company is attacking head on in order to lower the cost per barrel of oil and gas.

The numeratorAt a recent industry conference, Halliburton President Jeff Miller pointed to the following slide and said:

Source: Halliburton Company Investor Presentation.

He also noted, "Halliburton has been involved in all aspects of this, and we continue to be." He further said that the company is "at every step optimizing bit designs, fluid compositions, reducing the drilling days, and in some cases or in many cases, reducing drilling time by over 50%, meaningful contribution to efficiency." This is because "efficiency is critical" and that's largely due to the fact time really is money in the energy industry. Every day a company can shave off its drilling time saves it money. For example, drilling rigs are leased at a day rate, so just cutting drilling time reduces the amount of money spent on a leased rig. Having said that, this side of the equation is only part of the story.

The denominator Miller went on to say:

In other words, drilling fast and cheap is great, but what's better is to drill the best well possible. That work starts below the surface.

He then pointed to the following slide and said:

Source: Halliburton Company Investor Presentation.

In other words, a well is designed for the ideal below-surface situation. Unfortunately, that ideal situation hardly ever exists, which causes wells to underperform their potential, leaving lots of oil and gas -- more than 92% of it in most cases -- still trapped within the reservoir. This is because two-thirds of frack stages completely miss connecting the well with oil- and gas-bearing rocks.

This is why Halliburton is focusing a lot of its attention on making better wells by focusing below the surface. It goes back to the first slide of having better subsurface insight through core samples and data. It also means having custom chemistry, instead of a one-size-fits-all approach. On the chemistry side, for example, Halliburton has developed AccessFrac, which is divergent chemistry. What it has been able to do is increase the stimulation of oil and gas to get it to flow so that it increases production from a well. Another solution developed by Halliburton is RockPerm, which combines the sub-surface insight with chemistry. The net result, according to Miller is that "on average, we see a 20% to 25% uplift" in production when the RockPerm technology is used.

Investor takeawayOne of the positive outcomes of the downturn in oil prices is that it's forcing the industry to attack its cost structure both above and below the well. Halliburton is particularly interested in finding solutions to the other side of the equation because developing a better well from below ground will enable oil companies to capture more resources instead of leaving them trapped below the surface. That will improve production and drilling returns, enabling companies to better handle lower oil prices.

The article Halliburton Company and the Other Side of the Equation originally appeared on Fool.com.

Matt DiLallo has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns and recommends Halliburton. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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