Factbox: UBS fined $1.5 billion over Libor


Swiss bank UBS was fined $1.5 billion to settle charges of rigging the Libor benchmark rate, the second biggest fine ever on a global bank and the second big fine over Libor manipulation.

Britain's Barclays was fined $450 million in June for rigging the rate.

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Three of the largest four fines ever handed out to banks have been in the last two weeks, showing that authorities are penalizing firms more heavily.

HSBC last week agreed to pay a record $1.92 billion after being accused by U.S. prosecutors of failing to enforce rules designed to prevent money laundering.

The following lists fines imposed on leading banks.


(Millions of


2012 HSBC 1,920 Money laundering lapses DOJ

2012 UBS 1.500 Libor manipulation

2009 UBS 780 Aiding tax fraud DOJ

2012 StanChart 667 Anti sanctions OFAC/DOJ/MORE

2012 ING 619 Anti sanctions OFAC

2010 Goldman 550 Misleading investors FSA/SEC

2009 C.Suisse 536 Anti sanctions OFAC

2010 ABN Amro 500 Anti sanctions OFAC

2012 Barclays 451 Libor manipulation DOJ/CFTC/FSA

2009 Lloyds 350 Anti sanctions OFAC/DOJ

2010 Barclays 298 Anti sanctions DOJ/OFAC

2012 JP Morgan 297 RMBS offering SEC

2011 Citi 285 Misleading CDO investors SEC

2011 JP Morgan 228 Muni bond rigging SEC

2011 UBS 160 Muni bond rigging SEC

2011 JP Morgan 154 Misleading investors SEC

2010 BofA 150 Disclosing Merrill bonuses SEC

2011 Wachovia 148 Muni bond rigging SEC

2010 BofA 137 Muni bond rigging SEC

2003 JP Morgan 135 Enron SEC

2012 Mizuho 128 Misleading CDO investors SEC


Libor - The suspected rigging of the London interbank offered rate (Libor), an interest rate used in contracts worth trillions of dollars globally.

Anti sanctions - Illegally hiding transactions with Iran and other countries, violating U.S. sanctions.

Muni-bond-rigging - Conspiring to deceive U.S. cities and towns by operating a scheme to rig bids to invest municipal bond proceeds.

CDO - Collateralized debt obligation tied to the U.S. housing market

RMBS offering - Misleading investors in the sale of risky mortgage bonds or residential mortgage-backed securities.

Enron - JP Morgan was fined for its role in the defunct Enron Corp's manipulation of its financial statements.

Merrill - Bank of America was fined for failing to disclose properly employee bonuses and financial losses at Merrill Lynch before shareholders approved the companies' merger in 2008.

NOTES: DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice

OFAC - U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control

FSA - UK Financial Services Authority

SEC - U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

(Reporting by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit)