ExxonMobil Posts Impressive Earnings, but Where Is the Production Growth?

By MarketsFool.com

Investors have been hoping that 2017 would be a marked improvement over 2016 for ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) and other oil and gas companies. So far, Exxon is giving investors reason to believe that is the case. First-quarter profits more than doubled compared to this time last year, and the company has returned to strong cash flow generation.

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For all the good things ExxonMobil has done for its investors, there is one thing suspiciously missing from its recent earnings reports. Despite billions in capital spending for growth, that hasn't exactly translated to higher production as of late. Let's take a look at the company's most recent results as well as what the company has been up to that could alleviate this issue.

Image source: ExxonMobil.

By the numbers

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*IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER-SHARE DATA.DATA SOURCE: EXXONMOBIL EARNINGS RELEASE.

With a company the size of ExxonMobil, some things are bound to go well while others stumble. One thing that will certainly impress investors is the cash flow results. Cash flow from operations was enough to cover both capital expenditures as well as dividends to shareholders. So far, ExxonMobil has been the only big oil company that can claim that feat without including either asset sales or using scrip dividends in lieu of cash. That is certainly something to celebrate.

The largest gains in earnings and cash flow came, of course, from the upstream side of the business. ExxonMobil's U.S. upstream operations are still running at a loss, but just barely as Q1 losses were pared to just $18 million versus an $832 million loss this time last year. The international upstream earnings, though, produced a solid $2.27 billion in earnings.

Those U.S. upstream results are one of the discouraging points for the quarter. The company recently planted its flag in the Permian Basin with a major acreage purchase there, and management has said that growth in shale -- mostly in the Permian -- is a core pillar of its production growth strategy. If the company is still struggling to turn these operations into profitable ventures at the $50 a barrel range, when many others have been able to do so in the lower 48, investors may have to start to question if the company can generate a desirable return on these assets.

Earnings for its downstream and chemical units were a mixed bag. Downstream was down sequentially because of some asset disposals and some planned turnaround maintenance, while Chemical was up sequentially on higher margins and lower operating expenses.

DATA SOURCE: EXXONMOBIL EARNINGS RELEASES. CHART BY AUTHOR.

Aside from the $8.2 billion in operational cash flow, the company also added about $700 million in cash to the coffers from asset sales. The company ended the quarter with $4.9 billion in cash and $43.6 billion in debt

What happened with ExxonMobil this past quarter?

  • Total production declined 4% to 4.15 million barrels of oil equivalent per day. According to management, the decline was more like 1% after adjusting for turnaround work and asset disposals. That said, production has been flat at the company for a while now, which is one of the more disappointing aspects of this earnings report. Several of its peers have been posting large production gains as they wind down their respective capital programs and bring some major projects online. It would seem that ExxonMobil's capital cuts were so severe that they led to flat growth.
  • For the lack of spending now, though, there was a lot of wheeling and dealing this past quarter that will lead to more spending down the road. The first announcement was that it acquired a 25% working interest in a natural gas field off the coast of Mozambique for $2.8 billion. Estimates put that particular field at 75 trillion cubic feet of natural gas in place. Management said it will be the operator of an onshore LNG facility to develop the field that will be able to export 40 million tons per year of gas.
  • The company announced continued exploration success near its Liza discovery in Guyana. This particular one, the Snoek well, hit a reservoir or oil sandstone more than 82 feet thick.
  • On top of its major petrochemical investments in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, management recently announced it will expand production of its petrochemical facility in Singapore to produce more lubricant basestock.

What management had to say

Perhaps it's part of the change of leadership from Rex Tillerson to Darren Woods, but one thing noticeably different on ExxonMobil's most recent conference call was the amount of color Jeff Woodbury -- president of investor relations and secretary -- gave when responding to questions. When asked about ExxonMobil's outlook for oil supply and demand in short to near term, Woodbury shook off his traditional Bill Belichickpost-game interview responses with this comment:

What a Fool believes

There were some things worth celebrating this past quarter, but there were also some lingering questions about the company's future. The return to strong cash flow generation that covers all of its obligations is a great sign of management's cost-cutting. However, the company has brought on a lot of projects lately with little to no production growth to show for it, and its big bet on American shale has yet to yield any positive results.

Hopefully, we will start to see the company address these issues. Management has a lot of irons in the fire today between its investments in the Permian Basin, Papua New Guinea, Guyana, and now Mozambique. As with anything ExxonMobil does, these things will take time, so investors will need to be patient.

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Tyler Crowe owns shares of ExxonMobil. The Motley Fool owns shares of ExxonMobil. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.