Europe's woes deepen and China slows

The euro zone's economic woes increased last month and China's slowdown looked likely to extend to a seventh quarter, surveys showed on Wednesday, but there was better-than-expected news on U.S. jobs.

Purchasing managers indexes (PMIs) suggested the aggressive actions taken by the world's central banks over the last two months have yet to convince consumers to start spending again.

The chances of the euro zone in particularly seeing growth again before next year has dwindled.

Falling new orders and more layoffs marked a worsening decline for euro zone companies, the PMIs showed, while growth of China's normally robust services weakened to an almost two-year low last month.

Jobs data from the United States were cheerier in tone, however. A private sector employment report showed companies added far more staff than expected last month, although it revised down the number hired in August.

"Is the global economy heading into another recession? This is now becoming a genuine possibility, given events in recent months," said Gerard Lyons, chief economist at Standard Chartered in London, in a research note.

"The inability of European politicians to address their problems suggests that uncertainty about the euro area will persist, with the periphery remaining in recession."

A good gauge of economic growth, Markit's Eurozone Composite PMI, fell to 46.1 in September from 46.3 in August.

While revised up slightly from a preliminary reading two weeks ago, the index has been stuck below the 50 mark that divides growth and contraction for all but one of the last 13 months.

The data sent world share markets and oil prices lower on Wednesday, while the euro held steady against the dollar as traders await Spain's next move to solve its mounting debt problem.

Although the German downturn eased last month, hopes for an imminent recovery in the 17-nation currency bloc were dealt a blow by steeper declines for firms in France, Italy and Spain - the euro zone's three largest economies after Germany.

"There therefore seems little scope for a return to growth in the fourth quarter," said Chris Williamson, chief economist at Markit, which compiles the PMIs.

Outside the euro zone, Britain's services sector growth slowed last month and companies shed jobs for the first time in 10 months.

The data lend weight to a consensus that both the European Central Bank and Bank of England will ease monetary policy further before the end of the year, although few economists believe they will announce anything at their meetings on Thursday.


The dollar edged higher against the yen and U.S. stock futures gained after the ADP National Employment showed private sector companies added 162,000 jobs in September against the 143,000 expected.

Still, the August figure was revised down from 201,000 to 189,000.

Economists often refer to the ADP report to fine-tune their expectations for the highly anticipated official payrolls numbers, due on Friday, though it is not always accurate in predicting the outcome.

Data due at 1400 GMT are also expected to show slowing growth in the enormous U.S. services sector, although a comparable report for manufacturing on Monday surprised economists with its strength

While the United States economy has managed to deflect some of the huge uncertainty emanating from Europe, Asian countries that rely heavily on exports to rich Western peers have not fared so well.

China's official services PMI fell to its lowest point since November 2010, as slow growth in manufacturing finally began to feed through to the rest of the economy.

Weak construction services and transport, as well as lackluster new orders overall, pushed the PMI to 53.7 in September from 56.3 in August, signaling economic growth will slow for a seventh quarter.

A Reuters poll last month forecast China's annual economic growth could ease to 7.4 percent in the third quarter, before picking up to 7.6 percent in the final three months. That would likely leave growth for 2012 below 8 percent, its lowest in more than a decade.

News Australia's trade deficit blew out to its widest in 3-1/2 years in August provided a further reminder of the knock-on effect the uncertainty emanating from Europe, via China.

Falling prices for iron ore and coal ate into export earnings, just the latest sign of how China's slowdown is hurting resource-rich Australia.

Wednesday's data showed the deficit on goods and services yawned out to A$2.03 billion ($2.1 billion) in August, from a revised A$1.5 billion in July. That was far beyond forecasts of a A$700 million shortfall and the largest deficit since March 2008.

"It means the current account deficit will blow out in the quarter and the trend is clearly for further deterioration," said Su-Lin Ong, a senior economist at RBC Capital Markets.

(Additional reporting by Lucy Hornby in Beijing and Wayne Cole in Sydney. Editing by Jeremy Gaunt.)