The upcoming United Kingdom referendum, or "Brexit" vote, that will decide its fate within the European Union has caused a lot of market headaches, especially among bank stock and financial sector-related exchange traded fund investors.
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The financial sector is among the most at risk if the U.K. decides to part ways with the European Union. Fro instance, according to a recent Keef, Bruyette & Woods research note, banks would have to raise administrative expenses, add on regulatory costs, cut staff and potentially take a temporary earnings hit if British voters approve the Brexit on June 23. Specifically, a leave vote would cause big banks to transition U.K. staff to cities in the E.U. to meet regulatory requirements. Meanwhile, in the U.S., costs would increase and capital market activity could decline.
KBW argued that the Brexit would be the worst-case scenario for stocks and companies with E.U. and U.K. exposure since a leave vote would lead to contagion fears and depressed growth.
Banks could experience lower revenue and higher expenses in the fallout, exacerbating conditions for the financial sector, which has been tackling years of increased regulations, spikes in litigation fees and depressed interest rates since the financial downturn.
"We believe risk assets — including stocks and credit — would suffer in the resulting risk-off environment, as concerns about political instability and a reversing globalization trend would lead to higher risk premiums," Richard Turnill, BlackRock Global Chief Investment Strategist, said in a note. "Peripheral European assets and the global financials and materials equity sectors would be especially exposed, according to our stress-test analysis."
Consequently, the iShares MSCI Europe Financials ETF (NYSE:EUFN), which tracks European financial companies, could be among the hardest hit if the Brexit passed. EUFN includes a 31.2% tilt toward U.K. companies, including HSBC Holdings 8.2% of the fund's portfolio and Lloyds Banking Group 3.9%.
Looking at U.S. markets, broad financial sector ETFs could come under fire, including the Financial Select Sector SPDR (NYSE:XLF), iShares U.S. Financials ETF (NYSE:IYF) and Vanguard Financials ETF (NYSE:VFH), along with bank specific plays such as the SPDR S&P Bank ETF (NYSE: KBE) and PowerShares KBW Bank Portfolio (NYSE:KBWB).
These sector ETFs include large tilts toward financial firms like Morgan Stanley (NYSE:MS), JPMorgan Chase (NYSE:JPM) and Goldman Sachs (NYSE:GS), which each include a large U.K. staff supporting operations who could be impacted by a Brexit.
ETF investors can also hedge against a potential fallout with alternative strategies as well. For example, traders can hedge the sector through various levels of leveraged inverse strategies. The ProShares Short Financials ETF (NYSE:SEF) takes the single inverse or -100% of financial stocks, while the ProShares UltraShort Financials (NYSE:SKF) takes a leveraged -200% of financials. Additionally, for the more aggressive bearish trader, the ProShares UltraPro Short Financials (NYSE:FINZ) and Direxion Daily Financial Bear 3X Shares (NYSE:FAZ) take the -3x or -300% performance of the financial sector.
Moreover, one can also consider the S&P 500 Ex-Financial ETF (NYSE:SPXN) if investors believe the financial sector will continue to underperform the broader equities market even after the volatility has dissipated. SPXN focuses on S&P 500 companies but excludes the financials sector.
This article was provided by our partners at etftrends.com.