Germany is the world's seventh largest steel producer and the largest in Europe, responsible for 2.6 percent of global production, according to the German Steel Federation.
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One name that's become synonymous with the German steel sector is ThyssenKrupp, a company perhaps best known for the fearsome artillery pieces and other weapons produced during World War I and World War II.
Headquartered in western Germany in the Ruhr valley city of Duisburg, today it's a global conglomerate with nearly 160,000 employees in 79 countries and annual sales of 41.5 billion euros ($50 billion).
Germany's steel exports are well diversified, with only 5 percent going to the United States, but the Steel Federation has warned that if Washington does impose tariffs there could be a knock-on effect stoking protectionism worldwide.
Overall, the 28 EU nations make up nearly 21 percent of U.S. steel imports.