Share buybacks, acquisition search are part of plan flushed out by investor pressure
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Nestlé on Tuesday announced plans to launch a $20.8 billion share buyback, focus its capital spending on categories like coffee and pet care and look for consumer health-care acquisitions, a move that comes after it found itself the target of activist investor Third Point LLC.
Nestlé wasn't expected to deliver an update to shareholders until September, but its plans were fast-tracked amid investor pressure that culminated with Third Point founder Daniel Loeb on Sunday night publishing a letter on how Nestlé should change its business. His recommendations include a formal margin target, more share buybacks and a sale of Nestlé's stake in French cosmetics giant L'Oréal SA.
Mr. Loeb began amassing shares in Nestlé early this year, according to a person familiar with the matter, and now owns 1.25% of the company making him Nestlé's fourth-biggest shareholder. Nestlé shares jumped following Mr. Loeb's letter, which promised the company's growth and earnings would "dramatically improve" if his recommendations were followed.
"All seems to have happened very quickly, but probably not a huge surprise given the strength of the balance sheet and pressure from Third Point and others," said Jon Cox, head of Swiss equities at Kepler Cheuvreux.
Nestlé applied for Swiss regulatory approval of its share buyback last week, and received the go-ahead on Tuesday.
Under new Chief Executive Mark Schneider, Nestlé has already dropped a sales-growth target that investors had labeled as outdated after the company fell short for four straight years. Mr. Schneider also recently said Nestlé would look to sell its U.S. confectionery business, which lags behind rivals Hershey Co., Mars Inc. and Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Spruengli AG.
Nestlé on Tuesday indicated it could make more divestitures, saying it "will continue to adjust its portfolio in line with its strategy and growth objectives." There have been calls for Nestlé to consider selling its frozen-food arm, which includes brands like Lean Cuisine and Stouffer's, another business that has struggled as consumers increasingly look to fresh options. Mr. Loeb suggested that Nestlé sell its 23% stake in L'Oréal.
Nestlé will kick off a share buyback of up to 20 billion Swiss francs ($22.4 billion) next week that will run through June 2020. In addition to investing in beverages, infant nutrition and other high-growth categories, the company said it would also look to make acquisitions in consumer health care that "build on" the faster-growing parts of its core food and drinks business. It didn't specifically refer to its frozen and prepared-foods business, although Nestlé is the world's largest packaged-food company.
"The company is likely to exit more commoditized packaged food in favor of nutrition," Mr. Cox said.
The Vevey, Switzerland-based company said it would examine ways to boost margins through cost cuts but cautioned that it would not do so at the expense of its growth categories.
Mr. Schneider has criticized as unsustainable the aggressive cost-cutting that Brazilian investment firm 3G has backed for companies it owns, like Kraft Heinz Co. and Anheuser-Busch InBev NV. Nestlé's announcement on Tuesday echoes that of rival Unilever PLC, which in April unveiled a EUR5 billion ($5.7 billion) share buyback and plans to sell its spreads division after fending off a takeover approach by Kraft.
Nestlé, Unilever and other consumer-goods stalwarts have struggled to deliver the consistent growth that investors had come to expect. The industry headwinds include weaker global growth, volatile currencies and interest rates, higher commodity costs, rapidly changing consumer tastes and difficulty raising prices in a low-inflation environment.
Nestlé said the buyback could be curtailed should it make a big acquisition before 2020 and that most of the monthly share repurchases will be made in 2019 and 2020 to allow it to pursue deals. The buyback is Nestlé's biggest since 2007. It has bought back 47 billion francs in shares since 2005.
The company said it had been examining its capital structure and ways to deliver higher shareholder returns since the start of the year, when Mr. Schneider became CEO.
Mr. Loeb has had several conversations with Nestlé's investor-relations team, and more recently met with Mr. Schneider to convey his recommendations, according a person familiar with those talks. Third Point declined to comment on Tuesday.
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Corrections & Amplifications Nestlé will buy back up to $20.8 billion of its shares. An earlier version of the summary of this article that appeared on some WSJ.com pages incorrectly said it was buying back $2.08 billion of shares. (June 27)
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June 28, 2017 02:47 ET (06:47 GMT)