OULU, Finland—Hardware is hard, they say. Kickstarter and Indiegogo are littered with big-ticket consumer hardware failures: the $1.5-million Pirate3D printer, the $3.5-million MyIDKey, and the $3.2-million Zano drone, for example. Other crowdfunded projects fail, but hardware projects tend to fail big.
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Kickstarter recognizes the problem. Over the years, it's tightened its requirements for hardware projects, finally announcing a new "Kickstarter Hardware Studio" last month that will debut in September and help creators actually, successfully make devices.