General Motors Co
During his first full year as CEO, Akerson earned a $1.7 million salary, GM said in a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. He also received about $6 million in salaried and restricted stock units.
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Last year, GM sold more vehicles than any other automaker in the world and reached a labor agreement with the United Auto Workers union that helped maintain its lower break-even level.
Still, GM's shares fell 45 percent last year, while the broader S&P 500 index was unchanged.
Among investors' concerns was GM's troubled Opel unit in Europe, where GM lost $747 million last year. GM was also hurt by weakness in South America.
"Although, by objective measures, our 2011 results were an improvement over 2010, they did not compare favorably to some of our key competitors," GM said in the proxy. "This was reflected, in part, in the price of our common stock."
The drop in GM's stock price hurt the value of Akerson's stock-based compensation. Akerson could have earned up to $9 million in cash and stock awards, according to the proxy.
In 2010, he is compensation came to about $2.5 million.
GM also nominated two new members to its board: James Mulva, the CEO of ConocoPhillips
The new directors will stand for election during GM's annual meeting on June 12. Their addition will bring the size of the board to 14 members.
Compensation of GM executives is governed by a special pay master from the federal government as part of provisions put in place after GM's U.S.-funded bankruptcy restructuring in 2009.
Before GM went public in 2010, the U.S. Treasury had a majority stake in GM. Now the U.S. Treasury owns 32 percent of GM's common shares outstanding.
This month, the Treasury froze the 2012 compensation packages for Akerson and the top executives at AIG and Ally Financial
Chief Financial Officer Dan Ammann earned $3.5 million last year, $2.8 million of which came in the form of stock awards.
Steve Girsky, the GM executive charged with overhauling Opel, received $5.3 million in compensation, with about $4.7 million coming from stock awards.
Last year, Ford Motor Co's
But Marchionne was paid 14.5 million euros ($19.2 million) by Italian automaker Fiat SpA, the majority owner of Chrysler.