Another Disappointing Quarter for AZZ Inc

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Having previously updated full-year 2018 guidance at the end of September, investors were already prepared for the negative news in AZZ Inc's (NYSE: AZZ) second-quarter results. Management gave a plethora of reasons why AZZ's performance is lagging expectations in fiscal 2018 and promptly guided investors toward thinking about a stronger 2019.

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AZZ second-quarter earnings: The raw numbers

CEO Tom Ferguson began the earnings call by outlining the reasons why AZZ had such a tough quarter, but before going into them, let's look at their impact. As you can see below, the energy segment was hit the hardest, but both segments reported disappointing sales performance.

In addition, don't get too excited by the margin and income expansion in the metal coatings segment. In last year's second quarter, AZZ took $7.3 million worth of charges. Adjusting for the charges means metal coatings income rose just 4.9% in the second quarter. 




Operating Income





$91.4 million





(840 bp)

Metal coatings

$99 million


$23.4 million



820 bp


$190.4 million


$15.1 million



27 bp

Furthermore, the disappointing performance caused management to pre-announce a guidance cut.

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AZZ reduces guidance 

Back on Sept. 25, AZZ lowered full-year expectations for sales and earnings for the second time this calendar year. Management lowered expectations on its fourth-quarter earnings presentation in April, and following a disappointing set of first-quarter results in July, some investors might have been surprised that management didn't cut guidance again. 

The following table shows how guidance has been cut this year.

Full-Year 2018 Guidance





$900 million-$970 million

$880 million-$950 million

$825 million-$885 million





What happened in AZZ's second quarter?

Here are the reasons Ferguson outlined for the disappointing performance:

  • Hurricanes Harvey and Irma lowered refinery turnaround activity.
  • Hurricane Harvey also caused a temporary closure of three galvanizing facilities in the quarter.
  • The closure of a major nuclear project (VC Summer) negatively impacted AZZ's nuclear-related sales.
  • "Ongoing fallout" from the Westinghouse Nuclear bankruptcy.
  • Disappointing electric utility spending in Saudi Arabia.
  • Operational difficulties in the energy segment, which resulted in the appointment of an experienced executive as president of the electrical platform.

It's a long list, but Ferguson helped to clarify matters on the earnings call. Answering a question from Sidoti analyst John Franzreb, he outlined that a third of the impact came from nuclear issues (Westinghouse and VC Summer), another third related to the refinery turnaround delays, and the final third from the operational difficulties.

There's little management can do about end-market weakness in nuclear or a bankrupt customer, but the operational problems -- Ferguson cited things like "operational excellence" and sales organization in its electrical business -- can be expected to be improved. Ferguson suggested it would be "early fiscal 2019" before the electrical platform got back to "normal margins."

Furthermore, the refinery turnaround issue is expected to improve in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. When asked about the refinery delays on the earnings call, Ferguson stated that his confidence was based on AZZ's meetings with customers with large projects rather than any kind of prediction for general improvement in market trends.

Looking ahead

It was another disappointing quarter for AZZ, and investors can be forgiven for wondering when the ongoing issues will end. However, AZZ won't be the only company finding it hard to predict refining and nuclear activity. Cautious optimism was expressed regarding the galvanizing operations, and it's here that investors can look forward to some immediate improvement. Meanwhile, AZZ's fiscal 2019 promises to be a better year.

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Lee Samaha has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Azz. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.