• India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe shake hands after signing a joint statement at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both countries signed a civilian nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP)

    India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe shake hands after signing a joint statement at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both countries signed a ... civilian nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP) (The Associated Press)

  • India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe attend a joint press conference at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both countries signed a civilian nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP)

    India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe attend a joint press conference at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both countries signed a civilian ... nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP) (The Associated Press)

  • Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe shake hands  joint press conference at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both leaders signed a civilian nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP)

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe shake hands joint press conference at Abe's official residence in Tokyo, Japan, Friday, Nov. 11, 2016. After their bilateral meeting, both leaders signed a civilian ... nuclear cooperation agreement that will allow Japan to export nuclear plant technology to India. (Franck Robichon/Pool Photo via AP) (The Associated Press)

Japan, India sign civil nuclear pact

Markets Associated Press

Japan and India have formally signed a civil nuclear pact in which Tokyo agreed to export civilian nuclear power equipment and technology, as the Japanese nuclear industry seeks markets overseas.

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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, also agreed during talks Friday to advance business and security cooperation.

The nuclear pact, though limited to peaceful commercial use, is controversial because India has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Abe's pro-business government seeks to export nuclear power plants because of shrinking business at home since the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. Exports of infrastructure, including high-speed railway systems, are part of Abe's growth strategy.

On Saturday, Abe is to escort Modi on a Japanese shinkansen "bullet" train to visit a train factory in Kobe in western Japan.