Dollar rebounds slightly, but falls against the yen
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The pound moved sharply lower against the dollar and the euro on Thursday after the Bank of England kept interest rates at a record low, and struck a downbeat tone on wages and economic growth.
The decline was enough to keep the U.S. dollar in modestly positive territory, although its gains were limited by a decline against the Japanese yen.
Sterling slid 0.8% to $1.3123, after hitting $1.3267 earlier in the session in the wake of a better-than-expected reading on U.K. services activity (http://www.marketwatch.com/story/uk-services-sector-grows-modestly-2017-08-03) in July. The U.K, unit traded at $1.3225 late Wednesday.
Against the euro, the pound tanked 0.7% to EUR1.1076 from EUR1.1153 on Wednesday, marking the lowest trading level since November last year.
The pullback came as investors assessed the BOE's rate decision, monetary-policy statement and quarterly inflation report -- the "Super Thursday" trio of simultaneous releases. The central bank voted 6-2 to keep the key interest rate at a record low of 0.25% (http://www.marketwatch.com/story/boe-says-rates-may-rise-faster-than-markets-expect-2017-08-03), arguing that economic growth "remains sluggish in the near term as the squeeze on households' real incomes continues to weigh on consumption."
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The central bank in its inflation report cut its 2017 gross domestic growth forecast to 1.7% from the 1.9% predicted in May. It also reduced its forecast for growth in 2018 to 1.6%, from 1.7%.
The policy makers said U.K. wages are expected to "remain subdued" for the rest of the year, while also cutting its salary growth for 2018 to 3% from 3.5% expected previously.
"The market took the decision as pretty dovish, probably because the 6-2 vote suggests the MPC is a little further away from hiking than it was last time when it voted 5-3," said Neil Wilson, senior market analyst at ETX Capital, in a note.
He noted, however, that one of the hawks from the June meeting -- Kristin Forbes -- has been replaced with Silvana Tenreyro, who has a dovish record.
"But the bank said markets may be underestimating how far it needs to raise its benchmark rate over the forecast period. The MPC reckons on two hikes over the next three years, with the first coming in Q3 2018. All else being equal this ought to be supportive of sterling. So a dovish vote but a slight tightening bias is being displayed," Wilson said.
In other currencies, the dollar rebounded slightly on Thursday. The ICE Dollar Index gained 0.1% to 92.93 after trading around a 15-month low on Wednesday (http://www.marketwatch.com/story/dollar-languishes-at-15-month-low-with-adps-jobs-report-waiting-in-the-wings-2017-08-02). Traders are looking ahead to Friday's closely watched nonfarm payrolls report.
"In the short term, speculation on the dollar is very bearish, and based on the futures market, we're seeing the most negative view on it expressed since 2009," said Rui De Figueiredo, chief investment officer and co-head of the Solutions/Multi-Asset Group at Morgan Stanley Investment Management.
See:Ignoring Washington chaos, companies likely kept up strong hiring in July (http://www.marketwatch.com/story/ignoring-washington-chaos-companies-likely-kept-up-strong-hiring-in-july-2017-07-30)
The euro retreated to $1.1848, down from a more-than-two-year high of $1.1857 late Wednesday in New York. Still, thus far this year, the euro has gained 12% against the dollar.
The dollar fell against the yen , buying Yen110.44, compared with Yen110.74 on Wednesday. The dollar is down about 5.5% in 2017 thus far.
"We think the dollar is trading about 10% above fair value against the euro, but against the yen it is a different story," De Figueiredo said. "We think the dollar is likely to appreciate against the yen over the rest of the year, due to rising inflation in Japan."
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
August 03, 2017 09:22 ET (13:22 GMT)