Wall Street Ends Glum Month on a High Note

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Wall Street rallied for four straight days to close out August, with the Dow climbing back into the green for the year, but it wasn't sufficient to cut the big losses the markets took earlier in the month. 

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The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 53.6 points, or 0.46%, to 11,614, the S&P 500 climbed 6 points, or 0.49%, to 1,219 and the Nasdaq Composite gained 3.4 points, or 0.13%, to 2,579. The FOX 50 was up 2.5 points to 877. 

August has been a tumultuous month for the markets: the Dow has traded in a nearly 1,500 point range and has experienced many sharp selloffs and rallies, often immediately following each other.  Despite soaring 7.1% in the last five trading sessions alone, the Dow was still in the red by 4.4% -- the worst monthly rout since May 2010.

Consumer staples McDonald's (MCD) and Coca-Cola (K) fared the best on the month, while Hewlett-Packard (HPQ) and Bank of America (BAC) were slammed the hardest. 

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Financials like American Express (AXP) were some of the best gainers on the day, while materials company Alcoa (AA) tacked on considerably gains as well.

AT&T (T) and Home Depot (HD) were the worst-performing components on the Dow, while big technology names like Intel (INTC) and IBM (IBM) struggled as well. 

The Department of Justice is moving to oppose AT&T's purchase of T-Mobile -- a $39 billion deal -- on anti-trust grounds.  Consumer advocates have argued that the merger would create an enormous mobile operator, and reduce competition significantly, potentially causing higher prices.  AT&T shares were down sharply on the news. 

The state of the economy is also a key concern among market participants as recent data have shown the global recovery has deteriorated considerably.  The monthly employment report, which is widely considered to be one the most important gauges of the economy, is slated for release on Friday.  The unemployment rate is forecast to stay above 9% in August, while the economy added 83,000 jobs. 

The private sector tacked on 91,000 jobs last month, short of the 100,000 analysts predicted, according to payroll processor ADP.  The ADP report is seen as a somewhat accurate predictor of the broader employment situation. 

Firms announced plans to layoff 51,114 employees in August, falling from a 16-month high of 66,414, according to Challenger, Gray & Christmas.  

Factory orders climbed 2.4% in July, quicker than the 1.9% economists had forecast.  While the report is a lagging indicator, it will figure into third-quarter economic growth figures.  Shares of companies that make long-lasting goods such as General Electric (GE) and Boeing (BA) can be particularly affected by these data. 

The Federal Reserve is mulling new methods of stimulating the economy, minutes released on Tuesday revealed. The central bank already has a highly-expansionary monetary policy stance, keeping long-term interest rates at essentially 0%, and just ended a broad quantitative easing program called QE2 in June.  However, most Fed policymakers believe the economic outlook as deteriorated sufficiently to employ different methods to speed up the pace of expansion, the minutes showed. 

Market participants may see weak or upbeat data as positive developments: "Upbeat numbers suggest the U.S. isnt as close to the precipice as some may think, whilst a shortfall adds weight for further rounds of" quantitative easing, Ben Critchley, Sales Trader at IG Index, wrote in a research note. 

Energy markets had little response to a mixed weekly energy report from the Energy Department. Crude inventories jumped 5.3 million barrels, much larger than the 400,000 increase analysts expected.  However, gasoline stocks sunk 2.8 million barrels, a wider draw than the 1.1 million that was anticipated. 

Light, sweet crude fell 9 cents, or 0.1%, to $88.81 a barrel.  Wholesale RBOB gasoline gained 4 cents, or 1.2%, to $3.03 a gallon. 

In currencies, the U.S. dollar rose 0.05% against a basket of world currencies, while the euro dipped 0.26% against the greenback. 

Gold rose $1.90, or 0.1%, to $1,832 a troy ounce. 

Gasoline prices at the pump ticked higher overnight, and have been on an uptrend over the past week.  A gallon of regular costs $3.62 on average nationwide, down from $3.71 last month, but well higher than the $2.68 drivers paid last year. 

Foreign Markets

The English FTSE 100 rose 2.8% to 5,394, the French CAC 40 jumped 2.4% to 3,257 and the German DAX gained 2.5% to 5,785. 

In Asia, the Japanese Nikkei 225 edged higher by 0.01% to 8,955 and the Chinese Hang Seng leaped 1.6% to 20,535. 


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