British computing pioneer Alan Turing, whose code-breaking work was vital to the Allied victory in the Second World War, has been given a posthumous royal pardon 59 years after his death. Turing took his own life in 1954, at the age of 41, after undergoing chemical castration on his conviction for homosexuality in 1952. The mathematician played a key role in breaking the Enigma code used by the German navy in World War II, which many believe shortened the conflict. Turing is also known as the "father" of modern computer science for his work developing the British Bletchley Park machines used to decipher messages. The pardon, granted by Queen Elizabeth II at the U.K. government's request, follows years of campaigning by people who believe Turing was wrongfully treated. "Turing deserves to be remembered and recognized for his fantastic contribution to the war effort and his legacy to science," the U.K.'s justice minister, Chris Grayling, said.Copyright © 2013 MarketWatch, Inc....
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