Dear Opening Credits,
My son got a credit card in 2007 and then charged it to the maximum. He is mentally ill and has a severe cardiac defect, making him unable to work. Because of that, he receives SSI and gets $712 a month. Can the court or collection agency take his SSI? He has received a summons to appear in court.
As you might be aware, your son is in the now unstoppable process of being sued for a debt. If he loses the case, which is likely because you don't seem to be disputing the validity of the charges, there can be some unpleasant consequences. Then again, there may be none.
First, rest assured that even if the collection agency wins the lawsuit, they cannot claim any of your son's Supplemental Security Income. Along with SSI benefits, Social Security, veteran's benefits, federal employee and civil service retirement benefits and Railroad Retirement Board benefits are protected from wage garnishment.
However, this doesn't mean that there aren't other problems associated with a monetary judgment. If your son enters the workforce at some point in the future he may be at risk. If the judgment is still in effect, the creditor may be able to garnish his paychecks at that point. Because judgments can be renewed with little trouble (and depending on the state he lives in), they can wait him out for decades.
Assets are another issue. If your son owns anything that the collection agency can take, the judge may allow the seizure of that property. What could happen to him if he has neither cash nor things that the judgment creditor may claim? Nothing.
As for his credit report, the judgment will appear in the public records section for a total of seven years. That will look bad to people and businesses who pull them. It will also affect his credit scores. However, because his reports and scores have already been negatively impacted due to the many skipped payment cycles and collection activity, the effect at this point may be moot.
Now, while your son may be safe from the some of the nastier consequences that I just listed, co-signers on the account are not. And that is what is concerning me. You don't mention that you might be named in the lawsuit, so perhaps you're not on the account. If you did help him get the credit card, though, then you may face some trouble. Your credit report as well as his will be showing the delinquency, charge-off and collection action. If you are also a plaintiff in the case, any non-exempt assets and income that you have are at risk.
My advice for you is to prepare your son for court. Even if you are not a co-signer, you are clearly a caring mother and he will need an advocate. Being sued is scary. But the worst thing that can happen to him as the sole owner with few personal assets (and if his disability prevents working in the future) is credit damage. That will eventually fade, as negative information becomes less important as time marches on until it eventually drops off the report. There is no debtor's prison and his name will not be printed in the local paper.
Roughly $700 is not much to live on, even if you are providing him with room and board. If you're helping him survive financially, money may be tight for you, too. If so, it's especially important that you know your rights. Don't let other creditors he might have bully you into paying his bills. Of course they want what's due, but you are not legally or morally responsible to cover them.
See related: What happens when you're sued for a credit card debt