Published July 17, 2012
Dear Tax Talk,
I hear the Internal Revenue Service is all over medical marijuana clinics, trying to put them out of business. What can the IRS do if the state allows these clinics and even in some places taxes them?
You may say to yourself, "Why is the IRS stirring the pot?" In California, marijuana clinics represent a billion dollar-plus industry, and the state and local governments are participating by collecting sales taxes. While most states, including California, exempt prescription medicine from sales tax, this is not the case when it comes to marijuana. I guess pot is the black sheep of Rx. While the states have an economic motivation to see the industry thrive, the feds don't see it in the nation's best interest.
First off, don't blame the IRS agents; they're stuck between a rock and a hard place. Section 280E of the IRS code disallows deductions incurred in a trade or business of trafficking in controlled substances that are prohibited by federal law or the law of any state in which the taxpayer conducts the business. In 2001, The United States Supreme Court had concluded that no exception in the Controlled Substances Act exists for marijuana that is medically necessary. (Refer to U.S. v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Co-op, 532 U.S. 483.)
Since marijuana falls within the federal Controlled Substances Act, Section 280E disallows deductions incurred in a trade or business of trafficking in marijuana, even if such trade or business is permitted under state law. The IRS has no discretionary authority to allow tax deductions to the clinic. It would take an act of Congress to change the laws.
Without claiming a deduction for the costs of doing business, the tax burden on the clinic's gross revenue is too high. The taxes and the expenses exceed income, meaning the place goes to pot. The states sense the millions that are at stake, but they can't override the feds as they weed out the clinics.
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