reaching for your wallet is like a multiple choice test: How do you really want
credit cards and debit cards may look almost identical, not all plastic is the
important that consumers understand the difference between a debit card and a
credit card," says John Breyault, director of the Fraud Center for the
National Consumers League, a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy group. "There's
a difference in how the transactions are processed and the protections offered
to consumers when they use them."
debit cards and credit cards each have advantages, each is also better suited to
certain situations. And since a debit card is a direct line to your bank
account, there are places where it can be wise to avoid handing it over -- if
for no other reason than complete peace of mind.
10 places and situations where it can pay to leave that debit card in your
don't use a debit card online," says Susan Tiffany, director of consumer
periodicals for the Credit Union National Association. Since the debit card
links directly to a checking account, "you have potential vulnerability
there," she says.
reasoning: If you have problems with a purchase or the card number gets
hijacked, a debit card is "vulnerable because it happens to be linked to
an account," says Linda Foley, founder of the Identity Theft Resource
Center. She also includes phone orders in this category.
Federal Reserve's Regulation E (commonly dubbed Reg E), covers debit card transfers. It sets a
consumer's liability for fraudulent purchases at $50, provided they notify the
bank within two days of discovering that their card or card number has been
Most banks have additional voluntary policies that set their own customers' liability with debit cards
at $0, says Nessa Feddis, vice president and senior counsel for the American Bankers Association.
But the protections don't relieve consumers of hassle: The
prospect of trying to get money put back into their bank account, and the
problems that a lower-than-expected balance can cause in terms of fees and
refused checks or payments, make some online shoppers reach first for credit cards.
2. Big-ticket items
big ticket item, a credit card is safer, says Chi Chi Wu, staff attorney with
the National Consumer Law Center. A credit card offers dispute rights if
something goes wrong with the merchandise or the purchase, she says.
a debit card, you have fewer protections," she says.
addition, some cards will also offer extended warrantees. And in some
situations, such as buying electronics or renting a car, some credit cards also
offer additional property insurance to cover the item.
caveats, says Wu. Don't carry a balance. Otherwise, you also risk paying some
high-ticket interest. And "avoid
store cards with deferred interest," Wu advises.
3. Deposit required
Peter Garuccio recently rented some home improvement equipment at a big-box store,
it required a sizable deposit. "This is where you want to use a credit
card instead of a debit," says Garuccio, spokesman for the national trade
group American Bankers Association.
way, the store has its security deposit, and you still have access to all of
the money in your bank account. With any luck, you'll never actually have
to part with a dollar.
me, it's dangerous," says Gary Foreman, editor of the frugality minded Web site The Dollar Stretcher. "You have so many people around."
bases his conclusions on what he hears from readers. "Anecdotally, the
cases that I'm hearing of credit or debit information being stolen, as often as
not, it's in a restaurant," he says.
danger: Restaurants are one of the few places where you have to let cards leave
your sight when you use them. But others think that avoiding such situations is
advice of 'don't let the card out of your sight' -- that's just not practical,"
other problem with using a debit card at restaurants: Some establishments will
approve the card for more than your purchase amount because, presumably, you
intend to leave a tip. So the amount of money frozen for the transaction could
be quite a bit more than the amount of your tab. And it could be a few days
before you get the cash back in your account.
way, you get a feel for how the business is run, how you're treated and the
quality of the merchandise before you hand over a card that links to your
may be an outfit you're familiar with and trust, but something might go wrong,"
says Breyault, "and you need protection."
aware that some cards will limit the protection to a specific time period, says
Feddis. So settle any problems as soon as possible.
7. Recurring payments
all heard the urban legend about the gym that won't stop billing an ex-member's
credit card. Now imagine the charges
aren't going onto your card, but instead coming right out of your bank account.
reason not to use the debit card for recurring charges: your own memory and
math skills. Forget to deduct that automatic bill payment from your checkbook one month,
and you could either face fees or embarrassment (depending on whether you've
opted to allow overdrafting or not). So
if you don't keep a cash buffer in your account, "to protect yourself from
over-limit fees, you may want to think about using a credit card" for
recurring payments, says Breyault.
8. Future travel
your travel with a check card, and "they debit it immediately," says
Foley. So if you're buying travel that you won't use for six months or making a
reservation for a few weeks from now, you'll be out the money immediately.
factor that bothers Foley: Hotels aren't immune to hackers and data breaches,
and several name-brand establishments have suffered the problem recently. Do you want your debit card information "to
sit in a system for four months, waiting for you to arrive?" she asks. "I
9. Gas stations and hotels
depends on the individual business. Some gas stations and hotels will place
holds to cover customers who may leave without settling the entire bill. That
means that even though you only bought $10 in gas, you could have a temporary
bank hold for $50 to $100, says Tiffany.
hotels, where there are sometimes holds or deposits in the hundreds to make sure
you don't run up a long distance bill, empty the mini bar or trash the room.
The practice is almost unnoticeable if you're using credit, but can be
problematic if you're using a debit card and have just enough in the account to
cover what you need.
hotels, ask about deposits and holds before you present your card, says Feddis.
At the pump, select the pin-number option, she says, which should debit only the amount you've actually spent.
a good look at the machine or card reader the next time you use an ATM or
self-check lane, she advises. Does the machine fit together well or does
something look off, different or like it doesn't quite belong? Says Foley, "Make
sure it doesn't look like it's been tampered with."
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